Yahoo Answers is shutting down on May 4th, 2021 (Eastern Time) and the Yahoo Answers website is now in read-only mode. There will be no changes to other Yahoo properties or services, or your Yahoo account. You can find more information about the Yahoo Answers shutdown and how to download your data on this help page.

zach asked in 社會與文化語言 · 8 years ago

英文從屬子句一問

It’s not the kind that cars crash together, but it’s the kind that a man jumped off the platform and got hit by a train.

我的外國朋友說不是用that,是用where,所以是

It’s not the kind where cars crash together, but it’s the kind where a man jumped off the platform and got hit by a train.

他說或in which. 但有誰可以解釋一下嗎?

他提到that他會覺得後面還有受詞解釋cars去撞上,但我有聽沒有明白。

不知道有沒有英文好的人可以解釋一下嗎…that 那後面的句子如何改變就可行?

謝謝

Update:

大師Louis你好

謝謝你的回答。雖然我還是不明白。我想是我文法結構不夠完整吧

我還是無法從你的回答了解到為什麼不能使用THAT

以及最後一句提到jumped off有了受詞,所以可用關係副詞where或in which帶出形容詞子句。

所以不能用that要用where or in which 是因為jumped off 有了受詞? 但這句jumped off並沒有受詞阿。JUMP是不及物動詞不是嗎

有可能可以麻煩你再多解釋一下點嗎? 或許用簡單易點 笑

Update 2:

我剛剛看了一遍 我好像有抓到一個方向

但因為你解釋的太專業,我要努力把我以前念過的文法叫出來理清楚一下

我明天會再看一次 好好的去吸收 已報答你這麼努力的為我說明

能夠在這裡遇到肯為了區區五點這麼用心的高手算我的福氣

我嘗試看看能不能幫你加點數

非常謝謝你的幫忙

2 Answers

Rating
  • Louis
    Lv 7
    8 years ago
    Favorite Answer

    It is not the kind (of accident) in which cars crashed together, but it is the kind (of accident) in which a man jumped off the platform and got hit by a train.

    這是全句的邏輯關係

    it不是虛主詞,所以後面的子句不是做為dealyed subject的名詞子句,而是修飾先行詞kind(a type of thing)的形容詞子句,是對這個kind提供細目的。

    其動詞crash/got是不及物動詞,jumped off有了受詞,所以可用關係副詞where或in which帶出形容詞子句。

    2013-08-28 21:57:20 補充:

    cars crashed together = 幾輛車撞毀在一起

    主詞+不及物動詞+修飾語

    Cars crashed together in an accident =在一場意外中,幾輛車撞毀在一起

    This is an accident in which cars crashed together.=這是一場幾輛車撞毀在一起的意外。

    in which ...是一個用來修飾先行詞accidnet的形容詞子句,將範圍加以縮小

    2013-08-28 22:13:18 補充:

    A man jumped off the platform裡的受詞是platform.不及物動詞+介系詞後,可當及物用,接名詞當受詞。

    jump可當及物或不及物動詞,上句裡如果只看jump,是不及物動詞,但接上介系詞後,就成了動詞片語,這裡的off是介副詞,可以接受詞。

    2013-08-28 22:17:53 補充:

    形容詞子句接先行詞時,你要看形容詞子句與先行詞的關係,只有限定性質的關係子句,而先行詞同時也是形容詞子句的主詞或受詞時,才能用關係代名詞that來帶出子句來。

    Cars crushed together是完整的子句,與先行詞the kind (of accident)之間的關係是:Cars crushed together in an accident.所以你只能用關係副詞where或in which帶出.

    2013-08-28 22:31:12 補充:

    I saw Tom in the park this morning.

    The park was (the place) where I saw Tom this morning.(where是關係副詞)

    Tom was the person whom I saw in the park this morning.(whom是關係代名詞)

    2013-08-28 22:35:42 補充:

    I bought Tom a toy.(直接受詞toy,間接受詞Tom)

    This is the toy that I bought for Tom.(that是關係代名詞,帶出的是形容詞子句當toy的限定性質修飾語;that = the toy)

    A toy is what I bought for Tom.(what是帶先行詞的關係代名詞,帶出的是名詞子句,當主句的主詞補語;what=the thing that)

    2013-08-28 22:38:39 補充:

    I bought Tom a toy in this department store yesterday.

    This department store is where I bought Tom a toy yesterday.(where是帶先行詞的關係副詞,帶出一個名詞子句當主詞補語)

    This department store is the place where I bought Tom a toy yesterday. (where是關係副詞,帶出一個形容詞子句,當名詞place的修飾語)

    2013-08-28 22:43:51 補充:

    This department store is the place in which I bought Tom a toy yesterday.

    這樣寫也是正確的,只是太冗長了一點。

  • Anonymous
    7 years ago

    到下面的網址看看吧

    ▶▶http://qoozoo201409150.pixnet.net/blog

Still have questions? Get your answers by asking now.