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?
Lv 4
? asked in 社會與文化語言 · 8 years ago

請問甚麼是名詞子句呢?定義為何?

我大概知道名詞子句的長相,但它的定義呢?

Update:

To回答者差點就是帥哥(初學者4級) :

所以名詞字句就是以that所引導的字句嗎?

有沒有例外?

Update 2:

還有,以that所引導的子句一定是名詞子句嗎?

4 Answers

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    一何謂名詞子句?

    ★形式:that(從屬連接詞)+子句(S+V…)=名詞子句

    ★定義:由連接詞that在接子句成為名詞子句,它也是從屬子句之一,不可單獨存在,須依附主要子句。

    ★由連接詞that所引導的名詞子句,可以當主詞、受詞、及主詞補語。

    1.名詞子句當主詞的用法:名詞子句當主詞時,that 原則上不省略。

    Ex: That John’s neighbor is a thief is true. = It is true that John’s neighbor is a thief.

    (約翰的鄰居是小偷是真的)

    2.名詞子句當受詞的用法:名詞子句當受詞時,that 可以省略。

    Ex: I think (that) you are right. (我認為你是對的)

    John told me (that) Mary was sick.(約翰告訴我瑪莉生病了)

    3.名詞子句當主詞補語的用法:名詞子句當主詞補語時,that原則上不省略。

    Ex: The funny thing is that Jenny bumped into David twice in the park yesterday.

    (有趣的是昨天珍妮在公園意外遇到大衛兩次)

    二名詞子句句型歸納

    1.主詞+下列動詞+that+名詞子句

    believe相信 feel覺得 find 發覺 forget忘了 hear聽 hope希望 know知道 learn得知 notice注意say說

    read讀 report報告 remember記得 teach教 tell告訴 think認為 understand了解 worry擔心 write寫

    Ex: I believe that you can do a good job. The sign says “No Smoking.”

    2.主詞(人)+be+下列形容詞+that+名詞子句

    afraid害怕的 happy快樂的 proud驕傲的 sad難過的 sorry抱歉 surprised驚訝的 worried擔心的 sure確信

    Ex: Mike was sorry that he lost Tom’s bike. 麥克把湯姆的腳踏車弄丟了而感到過意不去

    3.虛主詞(It)+be(is)+下列形容詞+that+名詞子句

    bad糟 funny好笑的 good好的 important重要的 lucky幸運的 sad傷心的 true真的

    It is true that students go to school five days a week.(學生真的是一週上課五天)

    =The true thing is that t students go to school five days a week.

    ★that 何時可省略? 名詞在動詞之後。或在形容詞之後。

    ★that所引導的名詞子句,與主要子句的時態不一定要一致。

    ★主要子句是過去式,名詞子句通常為過去式。

    Ex: I worried that he might get hurt.

    ★當名詞子句為「事實」或「真理」時,用現在式表示。

    Ex: Mother said “the sun rises from the East.”

  • Louis
    Lv 7
    8 years ago

    名詞性質的附屬子句稱為[名詞子句]。用法有五種:

    1.當主詞

    Whoever gossips to you will gossip of you.

    2.當受詞

    I wonder if he is here yet.

    Success comes to whoever is ready for it.

    3.當主詞補語’

    That is why he raised the question.

    4.當受詞補語

    His father has made him what he is.

    5.當同位語

    The fact that you were late again made me angry.

    Bob's problem, how he could open the lock door, seemed insoluable.

    常用來引導名詞子句的字有:

    how

    where

    that

    what

    if

    whether

    when

    why

    which

    who

    whom

    whose

    whatever

    whoever

    whichever

    that引導的子句不一定是名詞子句。

    Bob lost the toy that he liked best.(形容詞子句,當先行詞toy的限定性修飾語)

    He is so happy that he could not speak.(副詞子句, so ... that 連用,修飾形容詞happy)

    2013-08-21 16:17:38 補充:

    當[修飾語]用的附屬子句視修飾對象之不同,分為[形容詞子句]或[副詞子句]。

  • ?
    Lv 4
    8 years ago

    Yeah,maybe I don't need to know what noun clause (名詞子句) is,but I just want to know what it is,so I posted this.

  • 8 years ago

    I don't know what you are talking about.

    Can you understand the meaning about the above sentence? If so, then you don't need to know what noun clause (名詞子句) is.

    2013-08-21 13:01:47 補充:

    In fact, I have used TWO noun clauses in opinion#001. These grammatical terms are NOT important to know.

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