蕾期 asked in 社會與文化語言 · 7 years ago

分辯英文時態的技巧

如題

我不知道怎麼去分進行式、簡單式、過去式

什麼持續動作的就是進行式我就是記不起來...

可不可以舉個例子?

然後這種動作就是用到is/has/was/did/do之類的

這幾個我就不知道什麼時候去用到它

我太混了對不起(跪

Update:

那簡單式是?..

Update 2:

還有什麼用現在式代替未來式又是什麼QAQ?

5 Answers

Rating
  • 7 years ago
    Favorite Answer

    進行式分為4種:現在進行式 過去進行式 未來進行式 完成進行式

    1.現在進行式:現在正在進行.發生的事。

    beV+Ving(ex:I am watching TV.)

    2.過去進行式:過去正在進行.發生的事。

    beV(past)+Ving(ex:I was watching TV.)

    3.未來進行式:未來將會正在進行.發生的事。will be+Ving(ex:I will be watching TV.)

    4.完成進行式:已經進行且現在還持續在進行的事。

    have+been+Ving(ex:I have been watching TV.)

    要分辨主要就是看beV的變化,.未來進行式和完成進行式前面是加"助動詞"

    2013-08-29 09:38:30 補充:

    上一位大大用"時間點"來分辨也行

    但有時在句中並無提到"時間點"

    這時就要用beV來判斷囉!

    Source(s): 自己
  • 小龍
    Lv 5
    7 years ago

    大大,主要是下表這樣,共9種

    時態|簡單|進行|完成

    --十--十--十--

    現在|__|__|

    --十--十--十--

    過去|__|__|

    --十--十--十--

    未來|__|__|

    至於現在代替未來,通常是用於表示要進行的事,剛好屬於未來方面,不然就是假設語氣退一級。

  • Louis
    Lv 7
    7 years ago

    建議你詳讀柯旗化編著<新英文法>pp.234-313

    這裡有動詞時態的說明及例句

    大概沒有人能用三言兩語就把這80頁的道理講清楚而不誤導你的

  • 7 years ago

    主詞如果是第三人稱單數如He/ She/ It要用 is,複數They要用are

    第二人稱單數如果是you不管是單數還是複數都要用are

    第一人稱單數要用am,複數we要用are

    is的過去是就是was,are的過去是要用were,當名詞是單數用is複數形態用are。

    2013-08-19 10:23:39 補充:

    我在幫你補充,

    do 的名詞如果是單數名詞要用does,如果兩個以上要用do,例如 apple and banana,bananas都是複數用do,如果只有一顆用does。

    you/ we/ they / I都用have,He/ She/ It 要用has,當單數名詞用has複數名詞用have,did也有當"的確"的意思所以,後面不能用過去式。要接原型動詞。

    2013-08-19 10:34:28 補充:

    I did see the newspaper, 我的確看過了報紙。這表示過去看過的報紙。

    If you got lost your wallet. Do tell me.如果你的皮包不見了,務必告訴我。

    這樣懂了嗎?Have/ has, / Do / Does如果放在最前面,通常都是疑問句型。

    英文可以這樣用的。

  • How do you think about the answers? You can sign in to vote the answer.
  • 幻星
    Lv 5
    7 years ago

    Gerund is used to describe an action going on in a short period. It can be used in pass time or present time. For example:

    *I am listening to music right now.

    (When certain time is indicated, usually a very short period of time, then gerund is often used in that sentence, because obviously the subject of the sentence is doing something at that time)

    *I was listening to the music when my mom asked me to run an errant for her.

    (when my mom asked me to do something, i was in the middle of something at that time. An action is usually brought up to indicate the time, such as in this sentence, the subject was in the middle of something(this sentence tells you about the time>>while he was doing something), and all of a sudden, his mom wanted him to do something.So in that short time, you should use past progress.

    Simple present is used to describe a truth, something narrative...(don't worry about this tense, coz it's so common in daily conversations that you can hardly ignore it)

    *This is my shoes.>> a truth

    *My mom tells me she is having another baby(Her mom lets her know the truth that she is having a baby)

    (having another baby, using present progress here means something is going to happen or you expect it to happen.)

    Simple past is the opposite of simple present, because it describe something happened before(also a truth), probably stays true to the present (or not).

    *He died last night.(It says the subject passed away last night, so it's a truth happened before)

    *He came out to me last month on the phone, and I was heart-broken.

    (He told someone he is gay, and whom he told was very sad about the news)

    In a nutshell, the quickest to tell apart those different tenses is to get to know "when"---when does the action occur. (最快方法辨別就是找出時間點)

    進行式:無論過去或現在都表現出一個動作進行的狀態,現在進行式:表示動作進行中

    過去進行式: 表示過去的那段時間內,某人的動作進行中

    現在式: 通常講述一項事實,或是恆久不變的道理

    過去式: 講是過去曾發生過的一個事件,也就是說是過去的事實

    is, am, are, do,does, act(所有動作)>現在式

    was, were, did, acted(所有過去式動作)>過去式

    Be動詞+Ving>>進行式

    2013-08-21 10:18:32 補充:

    1.簡單式=present simple(現在式) or past simple(過去式)

    2. 副詞子句中,原本未來的時態會用現在式代替

    這是虛擬的講法,假設把你自己放進未來的某個時間點,那個時間點就變現在了。

    I will be here in two weeks if i am not too busy.(不是 if i will not be too busy)

    2013-08-21 10:25:46 補充:

    文法是無數句型整理出來的

    強記文法無疑是矯枉過正、導正為反

    對大部分的外國人這些什麼子句、什麼詞都不知道是何物

    不懂就背句子吧,背下以後自然就懂

Still have questions? Get your answers by asking now.