句型翻譯及句型結構分析

請問:

Those willing to brave frigid temperatures can try the Ice Run, driving old Ural motorcycles across Siberia in February. Usually rusty, with a design that has remained unchanged since before 1939, these vehicles are sure to break down at some point. But to the Adventurists, that's part of the excitement. So is the weather, often with temperatures around minus 30 degrees Celsius, sometimes colder, with 40 mile-per-hour winds.

想請問:

1. Usually rusty, with a design that has remained unchanged since before 1939, 此句完整的句子為 (省略那些主詞動詞 or ???? ) ?? 為何 Usually rusty 可以當作一句 ? with a design 為何介係詞帶出的一句話可以當主詞 ?? 文法如何說明?

2. But to the Adventurists, that's part of the excitement. 為何 But 可以帶出一句話?? 他不是對等連接詞 ?? 文法分析是?

3. So is the weather, often with temperatures around minus 30 degrees Celsius, sometimes colder, with 40 mile-per-hour winds. --> So is the wether. 為何 So 後面接 is ? So可以當主詞 ?? often with temperatures , often 是啥意思 ? 詞性是? 為何後面可以直接接 with ?? 此完整句型為何 (省略那些主詞動詞 or ???? ) ??

2 Answers

Rating
  • sammy
    Lv 5
    7 years ago
    Favorite Answer

    http://uralportland.com/2013/02/22/the-ice-run/

    請先看一段 the Ice Run 冰上三輪摩托車大賽的影片

    他們是一群酷愛冒險刺激,拿生命開玩笑地瘋子。因此,這段文字也比較不按常規文法來寫。但基本上,還是合英文文法邏輯的。

    1. Usually rusty, with a design that has remained unchanged since before 1939,

    句尾是 "逗號",因此,本句還沒結束。全句應該是:

    Usually rusty, with a design that has remained unchanged since before 1939, these vehicles are sure to break down at some point.

    主詞是 ( these ) vehicles 動詞是 are,前面一大串都是在形容主詞 vehicles 車輛都生鏽了,且設計都還停留在 1939 年以前完全沒變。在此篇指的 "車輛" 當然是三輪摩托車囉。break down 是拋錨。

    2. But to the Adventurists, that's part of the excitement.

    but 通常是當 連接詞,但 but 也可以當介係詞、副詞。在此句就是當副詞來修飾 to the Adventurists 副詞片語。主詞是 that 動詞是 is ,因為 that's = that is 。

    3. So is the weather, often with temperatures around minus 30 degrees Celsius, sometimes colder, with 40 mile-per-hour winds.

    So is the weather 是倒裝句。主詞是 the weather 動詞是 is。例如:

    你高興她也高興。一般我們容易懂的英文是 You are happy and she is happy, too.

    但也可以是 You are happy, so is she.

    所以,The weather is part of the excitement, too, often with ............

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  • 幻星
    Lv 5
    7 years ago

    1.(these vehicles are)Usually rusty, with a design that has remained unchanged since before 1939, these vehicles are sure to break down at some point.

    主詞在後面 these vehicles,前面那句省略了主詞因為主詞一致。

    with a design 後面那句是形容那些摩托車的形容詞片語,並非主詞。

    2.對等連接詞不能用在句首已經是很舊的文法了,現在很多人都用and but yet ..開頭,一方面表達前後句的鏈結性,也有語氣的完整性。

    It is frequently asserted that sentences beginning withand or but express “incomplete thoughts” and are therefore incorrect. But this rule was ridiculed by grammarians like Wilson Follett (who ascribed it to “schoolmarmish rhetoric”) and H.W. Fowler (who called it a “superstition”),and the stricture has been ignored by writers from Shakespeare to Virginia Woolf.Members of the Usage Panel were asked whether they paid attention to the rule in their own writing:24 percent answered “always or usually,” 36 percent answered “sometimes,” and 40 percent answered “rarely or never.”

    (sourced from American Heritage Dictionary)

    3. 主詞是the weather,用倒裝句,So 是副詞,表是"也" "同樣也是"

    用法同 So am I, so are you

    adverb(sourced from Cambridge Dictionary)

    used usually before the verbs 'have', 'be' or 'do', and other auxiliary verbs to express the meaning 'in the same way' or 'in a similar way':

    "I've got an enormous amount of work to do." "So have I."

    "I'm allergic to nuts." "So is my brother."

    3.1 often (頻率副詞)常常

    前面主詞是the weather 後面with帶出來都是形容詞片語,修飾the weather

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