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Rita66 asked in 社會與文化語言 · 7 years ago

if假設用法,不確定過去的狀態

我要寫信告知國外分公司如果他幫我墊付了貨款,請簽回debit note,但實際上我不清楚他付了沒有,這也不算與過去事實相反的假設,應該如何寫呢?

If you make this payment, please sign the debit note.這樣這可以了嗎?

請各位幫忙,謝謝

Update:

Louis大師:

我對於if"如果"的直述用法還是不太清楚

是否可多舉幾個例句,謝謝。

3 Answers

Rating
  • Louis
    Lv 7
    7 years ago
    Favorite Answer

    If you have already settled relevant payment, please sign and return the attached debit note.

    如果你己經付了有關的費用,請簽退附上的帳單。

    不清楚有沒有付,應用直述語氣動詞。

    2013-07-17 11:24:01 補充:

    假設語氣通常是講話的人[主觀]認定其為不真實時使用,與實際上是否真實無必然關係。

    2013-07-17 11:30:04 補充:

    Should you need help, don't hesitate to call.

    = If you should need help, don't hesitate to call.

    但這裡的條件句用了假設語氣,就不是認定其為不真實的狀況。是比較客氣的用法。

    2013-07-19 12:54:16 補充:

    If you don't study, you won't pass the exam.

    條件句是可能的狀況,結果句是將來可能的後果。(現在式+未來式)

    If he answers rght, he gets the prize.

    條件句是可能的狀況,結果句是必然的結局.(現在式+現在式)

    If you heat water to 212 degrees Fahrenheit, it boils.(現在式+現在式)

    以上均用直述語氣

    2013-07-19 12:58:57 補充:

    If you will go out in this storm, I won't stop you.

    I will lend you five dollars if that will help.

    I'll be happy if you will make a speech at the conference.

    條件句是我認為未來可能發生的狀況,所以用直述語氣的未來式動詞。

    2013-07-19 13:01:51 補充:

    If you make this payment, we will be very happy.

    我認為你未來可能會付款。

    2013-07-19 13:08:40 補充:

    If Tom was at home yesterday, he might have been with Mary.

    我不確知條件句的內容是否與事實不符時(即Tom昨天有可能在家),用直述語氣的過去簡單式,不用假設語氣的過去完成式。

    2013-07-19 13:12:38 補充:

    If Tom was ...yesterday不寫作If Tom had been ...yesterday,所以表示昨天是有可能如此的。

    2013-07-19 18:16:49 補充:

    應該不會像羅莉知識長這樣同時要求please advise,然後又please sign and return。因為對方如果只做了第一件事,然後告訴你沒有,但郤不做第二件事,那你怎麼辦。

    大概是寫成:Please check if xxx. If affirmative, please sign and return xxx.才合理。

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  • 羅莉
    Lv 7
    7 years ago

    建議這樣表達:

    Please advise if you have made the payment on our behalf. If affirmative,

    please sign and return the Debit Note to us.

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  • 呆子
    Lv 7
    7 years ago

    Please advise me of the payment.if yes, please sign and return the debit note at your earliest convenience.

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