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ㄚ楷 asked in 社會與文化語言 · 7 years ago

幫忙分析一下這句的文法(特別是" "處)

It may be necessary that stricter regulaions controlling building materials and

techniques "be established".

我看不董怎麼會用 be established

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  • 7 years ago
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    It may be necessary that stricter regulaions controlling building materials and

    techniques "be established".

    這整句分析起來可能要牽扯到一些句法學的東西,但我簡單說好了!

    其實你仔細看看,就會發現 controlling building materials and techniques 整個在扮演形容補述的功能,而它的對象就是在形容stricter regulations,意思就是"控制建築材料和技法相關更嚴格的規定"

    所以stricter regulaions controlling building materials and techniques整個可以當作大主詞來看,而這個大主詞的動詞就是後面緊接的be。

    而it is necessary (important....等等) that 這類的句子,英文原本就規定了後面接的子句的主要動詞必須"打回原形"。所以established前面必須是be而不是複數的are

    所以這句話整句意思就是 "對於控制建築材料和技法,制定更嚴格的相關規定可能是必要的" ( (我翻的通順一點,把原本英文句直譯成中文的話會有點怪怪的)

    Source(s): 我,外文系學生
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  • 7 years ago

    這句話有兩個原句

    A: it may be necessary to be established

    B: the stricter regulations controlling building materials and techniques.

    注意到,A句我補充了一個"to",基於 "一句子一主V原則" 可能是版大手快沒打到

    將以上兩句 用關代的手法 告訴讀者 什麼東西是 necessary 的

    所以"that 子句" 從 necessary 後帶入

    最後再把切掉的"to be established" 加回來

    因為 to be established 是本句的 主V

    就形成版大的句子

    It may be necessary that stricter regulaions controlling building materials and

    techniques to be established.

    這樣OK嗎

    2013-07-18 16:19:39 補充:

    修正一下

    to be established 不是主V

    主V是 it may be 這裡

    因為主V已經出現

    所以 be established 要加"to" 形成不定詞

    Source(s): ME, ME
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  • Louis
    Lv 7
    7 years ago

    It may be necessary that stricter regulaions controlling building materials and

    techniques (should) be established.

    在It is important that ...

    It is necessary that ...

    It is essential that ...

    It is vital that ...

    後面的名詞子句,其動詞可寫成(should) +原形動詞

    should可省略,只留原形動詞。

    2013-07-16 20:38:48 補充:

    在表示期望或建議的動詞後面當受詞的名詞子句也有同樣的現象:

    I asked that he (should) come at once.

    I suggested (to him) that the sum (should) be paid immediately.

    She recommended that he (should) return in the morning.

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