Anonymous
Anonymous asked in 社會與文化語言 · 7 years ago

that 連接詞 和 關代的差別?

我現在分不清楚 that 什麼時候是 連接詞,什麼時候是關代

Why not wear the skirt that you bought in Tokyo?

you bought in Tokyo? 形容子句 修飾 skirt 所以作為 關代?

Young Hamlet hastened home in great grief to hear that a serpent had stung the King.

a serpent had stung the King. 名詞子句 作為 to hear 的受詞 所以為 連接詞?

以上是我的想法,請問大師們這樣對嗎?

希望可以舉例說明 謝謝

Update:

這篇我看了很多遍了,每次都好像懂了一點,又有一點不懂

問1.

形容詞子句(又稱關係子句)裡的關係代名詞同時擔任兩個角色:對內是當子句的主詞或受詞(屬代名詞)

請問(屬代名詞) 是什麼 ,我找不到有關的資料

問2.

Most pieces of factual writing contain a number of general ideas that are upported by details and examples.

先行詞是ideas。關係代名詞that在形容詞子句裡還兼了主詞。

我英文還不夠好,可以幫翻譯成中文嗎?

Update 2:

問3.

The truth is that many Americans divorce and remarry.

that帶出一個名詞子句當主詞補語。

The truth 是名詞

我可以說 that ...是形容詞子句修飾 The truth 嗎?

那不就屬於 關係子句而不是連接詞?

1 Answer

Rating
  • Louis
    Lv 7
    7 years ago
    Favorite Answer

    Why not wear the skirt that you bought in Tokyo?

    =

    You bought a skirt in Tokyo.

    Why don't you wear it?

    形容詞子句(又稱關係子句)裡的關係代名詞同時擔任兩個角色:對內是當子句的主詞或受詞(屬代名詞),對外是維持子句和先行詞的從屬關係(形容詞子句是先行詞的修飾語)。

    在第一句裡的that就是子句動詞bought的受詞,維持子句和先行詞skirt的關係,兩者其實是同一件東西。

    Most pieces of factual writing contain a number of general ideas that are upported by details and examples.

    先行詞是ideas。關係代名詞that在形容詞子句裡還兼了主詞。

    Anything that can go wrong will go wrong.

    關係代名詞that也是形容詞子句的主詞。

    Bob lost the toy that he liked best.

    關係代名詞that也是形容詞子句動詞liked的受詞。本句當受詞的關係代名詞that可省略。

    Young Hamlet hastened home in great grief to hear that a serpent had stung the King.

    A serpent had stung the King.

    +

    Young Hamlet hastened home in great grief to hear this.

    首句的that只有一種功能:帶出子句,讓子句成為不定詞的[受詞]。而子句己有自己的主詞和受詞,that不影響子句語法和內容的完整性。所以這裡的that屬於[從屬連接詞],只維持子句對外的關係。

    That he had lied to us was unbelievable.

    that只是用來帶出一個名詞子句當主句的主詞。

    The truth is that many Americans divorce and remarry.

    that帶出一個名詞子句當主詞補語。

    The fact that the car wa out of gas left her helpless.

    that帶出一個名詞子句當fact的同位語。

    He made it clear that he disagreed.

    that帶出一個名詞子句當delayed object。

    2013-07-11 10:29:46 補充:

    1.that在子句裡當主詞或受時,屬[於]代名詞類。

    2.Most pieces of factual writing contain a number of general ideas that are upported by details and examples.=敘述真實事件的文章,裡面的想法,大多會有詳細說明及舉證。

    2013-07-11 10:33:34 補充:

    The truth is that many Americans divorce and remarry.

    that帶出一個[名詞子句]當主詞補語。

    that與truth中間隔了動詞is,你不能說它帶出的是[形容詞子句]。形容詞子句是修飾語,是用來修飾名詞的,會直接放在名詞後面。

    後面是名詞子句時,is表示的是相等的關係

    2013-07-11 10:35:50 補充:

    [名詞子句]是子句當[名詞]用,所以可能是句子的主詞,受詞,或主詞補語。

    [形容詞子句]是子句當[修飾語]用,修飾的對象是名詞。

    放在be動詞後面的[名詞子句]是[主詞補語],是A=B的關係。

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