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肥昇 asked in 社會與文化語言 · 7 years ago

汽車專業英文 翻譯 ((20點))..

After vehicle information is keyed into the machine and the wheel units are

installed, the machine must be compensated for wheel runout.

When compensation is complete, alignment are instantly displayed.

Also displayed are the specifications for that vehicle. In addition to the normal

alignment specifications, the CRT may display asymmetric tolerances,

different left- and right-side specifications, and cross specification

(difference allowed between left and right side). Graphics and text on the

screen show technician where and how to make adjustments.

As the adjustments are made on the vehicle, the technician can observe the

center block slide toward the target. When the block aligns with the target,

the adjustment is within half the specified tolerance.

Other alignment equipment often used are turning radius gauges, caster-camber gauges, optical toe gauges, and trammel bar gauges

(also known as tram gauges).

Turning radius gauges measure how many degrees the front wheels are turned. They are commonly used to measure camber, caster, and toe-out on turns.

Turning radius gauges (sometimes called turn tables) may be portable but are commonly found as part of an alignment rack. To use these gauges, the front

wheels are centered on the gauge plates. Then the locking pins are removed

to allow the plate to turn with the tires. As the tires are turned, a pointer will

indicate how many degrees the tires have turned. To check toe-out on turns,

turn one of the tires to 20 degrees. Then look at the gauge on the other tire.

A caster-camber gauge is used with the turning radius plate to check caster and camber. This gauge is often referred to as a bubble gauge. The gauge is normally attached to the wheel hub with a magant. Make sure the vehicle is on a level surface, and then jounce the front bumper several times to stabilize the suspension. Now look at the bubble gauges to read camber and compare yours with the specifications.

1 Answer

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  • 7 years ago
    Favorite Answer

    鍵入車輛的資訊,及安裝輪子的組件之後,

    機件必須校正補償各別輪子的歪斜或偏離圓心。

    校正補償完成時,

    會立即顯示輪子之間的對齊(四輪定位)。

    也會顯示該車輛的原廠參數。

    除了正常的對齊(四輪定位)的原廠參數,

    螢幕也會顯示不對稱的公差(公差:容許的誤差)、

    不同的左側和右側的原廠參數、

    和交叉的原廠參數(允許的左側和右側之間的差異度)。

    螢幕顯示的圖形和文字,

    指示技術人員要調整哪裡及如何作調整。

    調整時,技術人員可以看到,

    代表中心的方塊,朝向所欲定位的目標滑動。

    當該方塊和目標對齊時,

    就調整到誤差不超出公差的一半。

    其他常用的對齊(四輪定位)的設備包括

    左右轉半徑測量儀、後傾角與外傾角測量儀、

    光學束角測量儀、束角測量儀。

    註:後傾角(caster):

    由車輛的側面視圖,

    輪子的垂直中心線與輪子的左右轉的中心線不一致的夾角。

    註:外傾角(camber):

    由車輛的正面視圖,左右兩邊的輪子呈外八字型或內八字型。

    註:束角(toe):

    由車輛的頂面視圖,左右兩邊的輪子呈外八字型或內八字型。

    「左右轉半徑測量儀」測量前輪左右轉了多少度。

    它們通常用來測量輪子在作左右轉時的外傾角、後傾角、束角。

    「左右轉半徑測量儀」(有時稱為轉盤)

    有攜帶型的,但通常是機台的一部分。

    使用這些測量儀時,要把前輪放在測量儀的頂盤的中心。

    然後,把測量儀的鎖頭打開,

    頂盤就可以隨著輪胎而作左右轉。

    當輪胎作左右轉時,

    指針會顯示輪胎已經左右轉了多少度。

    要檢查「轉向前展」時,

    把一邊的輪胎作左右轉 20 度,

    再看另一邊的輪胎所顯示的刻度。

    註:轉向前展(toe-out on turn):

    為前輪作左右轉時,左右兩邊輪子不一致的角度差。

    「後傾角與外傾角測量儀」要和「左右轉半徑測量儀」並用

    以測量「後傾角」和「外傾角」。

    「後傾角與外傾角測量儀」通常稱作「氣泡計」。

    這種測量儀通常藉由磁力固定在輪子的軸心。

    註:magant 是 magnet 的錯字

    測量時,要確定車輛保持水平,

    並把保險桿搖晃幾下,以讓「懸吊系統」處於穩定狀況。

    然後就可以讀出「氣泡計」所顯示的「外傾角」刻度,

    並和你的原廠參數作比較。

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