what were some important turning points in the montgomery bus boycott?
I'm finishing up a 500 point project that's do tomorrow, can someone please help me to find atleast 3 important turning points in the montgomery bus boycott? I have to explain what events happened and how it changed history. thanks for your help! :)
- RetroRayLv 77 years agoFavorite Answer
Of the many "important turning points in the [M]ontgomery bus boycott," here are a few:
___On December 2, 1955, E. D. Nixon, a union leader and past president of the Alabama NAACP; Rev. Ralph Abernathy; and Rev. Martin Luther King, Jr. created the Montgomery Improvement Association (MIA) to organize ministers and civic leaders. The MIA supported a non-violent protest, seeking not to end segregation, but to improve conditions for black bus riders. A city-wide meeting was held to discuss how long the boycott should last.
___December 5, 1955 was the first day of the boycott. The organizers hoped for 60% participation from the black community, but later estimated that the participation was 90-100% of the black community. The MIA, lead by Rev. Martin Luther King, Jr. decided to continue the boycott until bus policies were changed. On December 13, 1955, the MIA car pool began operation. Service ran from 4 a.m. - 11 p.m. Lloyds of London provided liability insurance when local insurance agents cancelled coverage for volunteer drivers and church vehicles.
___On January 30, 1956, the home of Rev. Martin Luther King, Jr. and his family was bombed. He asked the hostile crowd gathered at his home not to seek revenge, but to peacefully protest instead. Two days later, the home of E. D. Nixon was bombed.
___On June 5, 1956, the decision in "Aurelia S. Browder, et al. v. W. A. Gayle, et al.," 142 F. Supp. 707 (M.D. Ala. 1956) was issued holding that bus segregation was unconstitutional. On November 13, 1956, in "Gayle v. Browder," 352 U.S. 903 (1956), the United States Supreme Court affirmed the lower court ruling holding that bus segregation was unconstitutional. City leaders obtained an injunction against operation of the carpool program. There was no organized transportation system available until the end of the boycott.
___On December 20, 1956, the United States Supreme Court’s writs of injunction in "Gayle v. Browder," 352 U.S. 903 (1956) were delivered to Montgomery City Hall and the Alabama Public Service Commission.
___On December 20 1956, Rev. Martin Luther King, Jr. and the MIA voted to end the 381-day Montgomery bus boycott. In a statement that day, Dr. King said: ‘‘The year-old protest against city buses is ofﬁcially called off, and the N_ egro citizens of Montgomery are urged to return to the busses tomorrow morning on a non-segregated basis.’’ The next day, the Montgomery buses were integrated.
For verification and additional information, please see:
Good luck with your project!