1. Defined Territory: Somalia, situated in the Horn of Africa, lies along the Gulf of Aden and the Indian Ocean. It is bounded by Djibouti in the northwest, Ethiopia in the west, and Kenya in the southwest. In area it is slightly smaller than Texas. Generally semi-arid, Somalia has two chief rivers, the Shebelle and the Juba.
2/3: Between Jan. 1991 and Aug. 2000, Somalia had no working government. A fragile parliamentary government was formed in 2000, but it expired in 2003 without establishing control of the country. In 2004, a new transitional parliament was instituted and elected a president. Flash forward to 2012, the Federal Government of Somalia is set up and democratically elects president H.A.S, this is the first permanent central government in the country since the start of the civil war, AND is showing actual promise. We shall see how it goes.
4: Somalia is named for the legendary father of the Somali people, Samaal (or Samale). The Somali people share a common language, Somali (although there are actually quite a few languages spoken specifically by certain Somali groups/tribes), and about 90% are Muslims of the Sunni sect (with Suffi tendencies). Somalis also live in northern Kenya; in the Ogaden region of eastern Ethiopia; and in Djibouti, to the northwest of Somalia. In spite of national boundaries, all Somalis consider themselves one people. This unity makes them one of Africa's largest ethnic groups. Ethnic Somalis number around 15-17 million and are principally concentrated in Somalia (around 8.7 million), Ethiopia (4.6 million), Yemen (a little under 1 million), Kenya (900,000), Djibouti (464,600), and an unknown but large number live in parts of the Middle East, North America and Europe.