BRYN asked in Arts & HumanitiesHistory · 7 years ago

What was their significance in jacksonian democracy?

Henry clay and John c Calhoun like what did they do who were they in jacksonian democracy what was special about them what part did they have in it

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  • 7 years ago
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    Henry Clay was a founder of the National Republican party, commonly called the Whigs. He was a representative from Kentucky, who became, first the Speaker of the House of Representatives, and later was elected US Senator by the Kentucky legislature. His home was in Lexington Kentucky.

    Clay's Whig party supported high tariffs to provide a benefit to US industry by setting the price of imported manufactured goods higher than the locally made products. He also supported the plan to create publicly funded roads, canals and bridges, to improve communication, facilitate commerce, and generally simplify transportation.

    In the election of 1824, Andrew Jackson won the popular vote, this was the first time the total popular votes for president was compiled. However, in the electoral college, there were a number of candidates contending for the presidency. The majority of the top 3 went to Jackson, but the Constitution requires that the winning candidate receives a majority of all the electoral votes cast. The top 4 were Jackson, John Quincy Adams, Vice President Crawford, and Henry Clay. The vote went to the House of Representatives, with the top three. The Vice President had suffered a massive stroke, from which he later died. This put the election between Jackson and Adams. Clay asked his supporters to vote for Adams, and he was elected President. Shortly afterward, Adams appointed Henry Clay his Secretary of State. Until that time, of the first six Presidents, four had been Secretary of State beforehand. Andrew Jackson referred to this arrangement as a "corrupt bargain". Needless to say, the campaign of 1828 began immediately.

    During the term of Jackson's presidency, there were three big issues confronted: Indian Removal, the Bank of the United States, and nullification.

    Clay's involvement was primarily with the B.U.S.. He was a friend and supporter of the Bank, and he and Bank Director Nicholas Biddle decided that a good way to discredit Jackson before the 1832 election was to renew the Bank Charter, which the President would veto, and the controversy would cost him the election. It backfired on them, the Bank was not rechartered, and its charter expired in 1836 as originally planned.

    John C..Calhoun was a Senator from S. Carolina, and Vice President under Jackson. It was generally believed that the anonymous pamphlet written encouraging people to refuse to assess the tariff on foreign imports. In the South, largely agricultural, it was important to be able to export cotton and tobacco to England and France. If the tariff on English and French goods were high in the US, a similar tariff might be assessed against US imports (like cotton or tobacco) in England and France.

    The "tariff of abominations" as it was called, was the law of the land. President Jackson maintained that by refusing to abide by the law of the land, they were separating themselves from the agreement between the states to accept a federal union, and thus, nullified the constitution, hence "nullification". The President would not stand for this, and threatened to hang anyone who refused to assess the tariff from the highest tree in the neighborhood. The tariff was modified to something the southern states could accept, and the crisis passed, for the moment. As you know South Carolina would be at the core of a similar crisis in 1860.

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