Zachary asked in Science & MathematicsPhysics · 8 years ago

# An oscillator consists of a block attached to a spring (k = 393 N/m). At some time t, the pos...?

An oscillator consists of a block attached to a spring (k = 393 N/m). At some time t, the position (measured from the system's equilibrium location), velocity, and acceleration of the block are x = 0.121 m, v = -16.3 m/s, and a = -106 m/s2. Calculate (a) the frequency (in Hz) of oscillation, (b) the mass of the block, and (c) the amplitude of the motion.

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• 8 years ago

k = spring constant = 393 N/m

and at a certain (unknown) time t

x = displacement = 0.121 m

v = velocity = -16.3 m/s

a = acceleration = -106 m/s²

The angular frequency of the motion can be found by:

a = -xω²

so

ω = √( -a / x )

ω = √( -(-106 m/s²) / (0.121 m) )

The cyclic frequency can be found by:

ω = 2πf

so

f = ω / 2π

f = 4.71 Hz < - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - answer (a)

The mass of the block can be found by:

ω = √( k / m )

so

m = k / ω²

m = (393 N/m) / (29.6 rad/s)²

m = 0.449 kg < - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - answer (b)

The kinetic energy of the mass at time t is:

KE = m × v² / 2

KE = (0.449 kg) × (-16.3 m/s)² / 2

KE = 59.6 J

The potential energy in the spring at time t is:

PE = k × x² / 2

PE = (393 N/m) × (0.121m/s)² / 2

PE = 2.88 J

The total energy in the systemm is:

TE = KE + PE

TE = (59.6 J) + (2.88 J)

TE = 62.5 J

The amplitude can be found by:

TE = k × A² / 2

so

A = √( 2 × TE / k )

A = √( 2 × (62.5 J) / (393 N/m) )

A = 0.564 m < - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - answer (c)

• 5 years ago

thank u