Brian asked in News & EventsCurrent Events · 7 years ago

What countries have nuclear weapons?

How many of these countries are offical or unoffical and which ones achieved this while under UN sanctions?

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  • AJ
    Lv 7
    7 years ago
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    To simply answer your question.

    There are eight states that have successfully detonated nuclear weapons. Five are considered to be "nuclear-weapon states" (NWS) under the terms of the Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty (NPT). In order of acquisition of nuclear weapons these are:

    1. the United States,

    2. Russia (successor state to the Soviet Union),

    3. the United Kingdom,

    4. France, and

    5. China.

    Nations that are known or believed to possess nuclear weapons are sometimes referred to as the nuclear club. Since the NPT entered into force in 1970, three states that were not parties to the Treaty have conducted nuclear tests, namely

    6. India,

    7. Pakistan, and

    8. North Korea.

    9. Israel is also widely believed to have nuclear weapons, though it has refused to confirm or deny this, and is not known definitively to have conducted a nuclear test.

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  • 7 years ago

    north korea is the only country to develop nuclear weapons under UN sanctions. while a member of the Nuclear Non Proliferation Treaty and a non nuclear power north korea violated article 2 of the NPT which makes acquiring, research, development, or possession of nuclear weapons illegal. under article 9 section 3 of the NPT a nuclear power is defined as having manufactured and exploded a nuclear weapon before jan 1967. only five countries met this qualification. russia, china, france, the UK, and america. these countries are all nuclear powers recognized under article 1 of the NPT and legally have nuclear weapons. three countries have not signed or ratified the NPT, all have nuclear weapons, israel, india, and pakistan and cannot violate a treaty they are not a part of. iran is a non nuclear power recognized under article 2 of the NPT and is the only country to get caught violating the NPT other than north korea

    Nuclear Non Proliferation Treaty

    http://www.un.org/disarmament/WMD/Nuclear/pdf/NPTE...

    this treaty was designed to stop the flow of nuclear weapons while still allowing for the peaceful transfer of nuclear power technology (nuclear reactors)

    countries that have signed and ratified the NPT

    http://disarmament.un.org/treaties/t/npt

    Article IX

    3. This Treaty shall enter into force after its ratification by the States, the Governments of which are designated Depositaries of the Treaty, and forty other States signatory to this Treaty and the deposit of their instruments of ratification. For the purposes of this Treaty, a nuclear-weapon State is one which has manufactured and exploded a nuclear weapon or other nuclear explosive device prior to 1 January 1967.

    Article I

    Each nuclear-weapon State Party to the Treaty undertakes not to transfer to any recipient whatsoever nuclear weapons or other nuclear explosive devices or control over such weapons or explosive devices directly, or indirectly; and not in any way to assist, encourage, or induce any non-nuclear-weapon State to manufacture or otherwise acquire nuclear weapons or other nuclear explosive devices, or control over such weapons or explosive devices.

    Article II

    Each non-nuclear-weapon State Party to the Treaty undertakes not to receive the transfer from any transferor whatsoever of nuclear weapons or other nuclear explosive devices or of control over such weapons or explosive devices directly, or indirectly; not to manufacture or otherwise acquire nuclear weapons or other nuclear explosive devices; and not to seek or receive any assistance in the manufacture of nuclear weapons or other nuclear explosive devices.

    International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) Director General Yukiya Amano

    The issue has been of international concern since the discovery in 2003 that Iran had concealed its nuclear activities for 18 years in breach of its obligations under the Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty (NPT)

    http://www.un.org/apps/news/story.asp?NewsID=37697...

    “The agency is increasingly concerned about the possible existence in Iran of past or current undisclosed nuclear related activities involving military related organizations, including activities related to the development of a nuclear payload for a missile, about which the agency continues to receive new information,” Mr. Amano said.

    He noted that since the last Board meeting, Iran has installed centrifuges in Fordow with the stated objective of producing uranium enriched up to 20 per cent in further contravention of Security Council and Board of Governors resolutions.

    http://www.un.org/apps/news/story.asp?NewsID=39510...

    The head of the United Nations International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) said today there is credible information that Iran is developing a nuclear weapon and called on the country to agree to a visit by a high-level team to clarify the nature of its nuclear programme

    http://www.un.org/apps/news/story.asp?NewsID=40421...

    The Vienna-based IAEA was informed late last month by Iran about the construction of a new enrichment plant.

    The Vienna-based IAEA was informed late last month by Iran about the construction of a new enrichment plant. Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon said last week that the facility violates Security Council resolutions because of the delay in its disclosure.

    http://www.un.org/apps/news/story.asp?NewsID=32427...

    Source(s): un security council resolution 1696 http://www.un.org/News/Press/docs/2006/sc8792.doc.... un security council resolution 1737 http://www.un.org/News/Press/docs/2006/sc8928.doc.... un security council resolution 1747 http://www.un.org/News/Press/docs/2007/sc8980.doc.... un security council resolution 1803 http://www.un.org/News/Press/docs/2008/sc9268.doc.... un security council resolution 1835 http://www.un.org/News/Press/docs/2008/sc9459.doc.... un security council resolution 1929 http://www.un.org/News/Press/docs/2010/sc9948.doc....
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