Alcohol can cause liver cell damage in different ways:
1) overconsuming alcohol in a short time period
doesn't give the liver cells time to make the necessary
enzymes to process this drug. Not processed
completely [from Alcohol to acetaldehyde to acetate
and then to carbon dioxide and water], means it can
become toxic to the liver cells themselves.
2) consuming alcohol over long time periods
can lead to the build up of fat inside the liver.
The fat causes pressure in the liver which can
damage the liver cells.
3) some people are more sensitive to or are
allergic to alcohol. Those are more likely to
develop a liver problem much sooner
4) taking alcohol with medications can cause
an interaction between the two or the liver
isn't able to process them both together.
When the liver cells become damaged, it
is true that the liver tries to regenerate new
cells to replace the dead or damaged ones.
The immune system of the body will respond
to this. When it does, it causes inflammation
to develop inside the liver which causes
the liver to enlarge in size and take on
a spongy texture.
So, up to this point, if the patient stops the
consumption of alcohol (and never returns
to it), in time the liver cells will be replaced
and the patient could be cured.
However, if alcohol is still consumed and
not stopped and the inflammation
((which is known as Hepatitis) is not
treated, it can lead to where the liver
cells die off and form scar tissue inside
the liver. This scar tissue cannot be
removed from the liver and it will start
to block the flow of blood through
the liver and throughout the liver and
more cells will continue to die off...
this is then known as the
Progressive disease of Cirrhosis of
I hope this information has been of some help
to you. It really depends on how the person
own liver can handle the processing of this
caregiver to a liver transplant patient