英文˙..我對括號裡面的不懂....為什麼用ing?

我對括號裡面的不懂....為什麼用ing?

1:The tsunami that engulfed northeastern Japan two years ago has left some survivors (believing) they are (seeing) ghosts.

2:In a society wary of admitting to mental problems, many are (turning) to exorcists for help.

3:people have reported (seeing) ghostly apparitions (queuing) outside supermarkets which are now only rubble. Taxi drivers said they avoided the worst-hit districts for fear of (picking) up phantom passengers

2 Answers

Rating
  • Louis
    Lv 7
    7 years ago
    Best Answer

    1:The tsunami that engulfed northeastern Japan two years ago has left some survivors (believing) [that] they are (seeing) ghosts.

    believing...是分詞片語,用來修飾先行詞survivors,屬形容詞性質

    are seeing是動詞see的現在進行式,是名詞子句的述部。動詞see通常不用進行式,這裡用[現在進行式],表示未來,即稍後會見到鬼(但實際上卻尚未見到)。

    2:In a society wary of admitting to mental problems, many are (turning) to exorcists for help.

    are turning是turn的現在進行式。表示是目前正在發生的狀況。

    3:People have reported (seeing) ghostly apparitions (queuing) outside supermarkets which are now only rubble. Taxi drivers said they avoided the worst-hit districts for fear of (picking) up phantom passengers

    seeing ghostly apparitions是動名詞片語,當動詞reported的受詞。=見到幽靈。

    queuing outside supermarkets是分詞片語,修飾先行詞apparitions。=正在超市外,排隊等候

    picking up phantom passengers是動名詞片語,當介系詞of的受詞。=載到幽靈乘客。

    ~ing有幾種可能:,一是句子的[主要動詞](屬進行式);或是現在分詞當形容詞性質或副詞性質的[修飾語],表示主動;或是動名詞,當句子的[主詞],[受詞],或[補語]。

    2013-03-24 18:40:46 補充:

    遠東新世紀英漢辭典例句(p.1241)

    I'm seeing my client today. =我今天要和我的客戶見面。

    New Oxford American Dictionary 3rd edition 2010

    p.1803

    thing

    be hearing things

    be seeing things

    = imagine that one can hear (or see) something that is not in fact there

    Oxford字典的解釋可以解釋第三句的see的用法

    2013-03-24 18:43:16 補充:

    依牛津字典的解釋:be seeing things =以為看到了什麼東西

    所以第一句的they are (seeing) ghosts=他們以為看見了鬼。

  • 呆子
    Lv 7
    7 years ago

    -----has left some survivors (believing) they are (seeing) ghosts.用 they are (seeing) ghosts強調同時持續發生,而see使用進行式表示由自身所主導-------

Still have questions? Get your answers by asking now.