What did the judicial branch consist of?
- AnisaLv 67 years agoBest Answer
In the United States government, the Judicial Branch consists only of the "constitutional" courts Congress established under its authority in Article III. These courts have general jurisdiction over civil and criminal cases that arise under federal law, US treaties and the US Constitution.
The following are the only courts in the federal Judicial Branch:
Article III Courts (all)
US District Courts
US Court of International Trade
US Court of Appeals Circuit Courts
Supreme Court of the United States
The Judicial Branch includes not only the courts, but all the justices, judges, federally employed prosecutors, public defenders and other attorneys, support staff, clerks of court, and many other people.
Congress also has the authority to create courts or tribunals according to its enumerated powers in Article I of the Constitution. These serve an important function in the federal court system, but are not considered part of the Judicial Branch.
Article I Courts and Tribunals (examples)
US Bankruptcy Courts
US Tax Courts
US Court of Federal Claims
Administrative Law Courts (associated with government agencies)
- 4 years ago
The Supreme Court, the Federal District Courts, and the Federal Courts of Appeal. Within those, the justices, judges, clerks, and court administrators.