璟玉 asked in 社會與文化語言 · 8 years ago

複合關係代名詞what(15點~~~~~)

請問複合關係代名詞what一定等於the thing which或that whichㄇ??

請問複合關係代名詞what一定等於the thing which或that whichㄇ??

Update:

恩 我問的是關係代名詞what一定等於the thing which或that whichㄇ??

2 Answers

Rating
  • ?
    Lv 7
    8 years ago
    Favorite Answer

    What starts out as fun always ends up a disater.

    這個附屬子句是[名詞子句 ],裡面的主詞what,在文法上稱為[帶先行詞的關係代名詞],因為不必寫出先行詞。這種用法的what可以指人或事物。但which,that不能當[帶先行詞的關係代名詞]用。

    如果寫成:Those activities which start out as fun always end up a disater.附屬子句就成了[形容詞子句 ]當限定用途的修飾語。關係代名詞which有先行詞activities。

    What this country needs is great leaders.

    這裡的what也是帶先行詞的關係代名詞。名詞子句當主句的主詞。

    這句也可寫成:Great leaders are what this country needs.名詞子句當主句的主詞補語。或寫作Great leaders are those people that this country needs.同理這裡的附屬子句是[形容詞子句],當people的限定修飾語。

    所謂的[複合關係代名詞]是指一個關係代名詞是由兩個字根組成的。如:whatever, whichever, whoever等。

    Whatever starts out as fun always ends up a disater.附屬子句是[名詞子句],當主詞。

    = Any activities which start out as fun always ends up a disater.附屬子句是[形容詞子句],當先行詞activities的修飾語。

    Whatever happens, I will do it.這裡的附屬子句是[副詞子句 ]。

    = No matter what happens, I will do it.

    2013-03-19 17:04:07 補充:

    更正:Any activity which starts out as fun always ends up a disater.

    activity在本句應用單數名詞。

    2013-03-20 13:08:28 補充:

    關係代名詞what用在名詞子句的主詞時,what可以改寫成the thing which或the person who,但要看全句的句義是指事還是人來決定。但what不能換作that或which。因為what當關係代名詞用時,不需先行詞,但that/which當關係代名詞用時,必須另有先行詞。

    2013-03-20 13:09:39 補充:

    that which是不能連在一起使用的。

  • rhody
    Lv 7
    8 years ago

    the thing which或that which =what是關係代名詞---看這裡

    no matter what = whatever才是複合關係代名詞---看這裡

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