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文法問題there附原文

Subjects in many old photos were not smiling at the camera for two reasons.

Ann Thomas, curator of photographs at the National Gallery of Canada, says, “ In the early days of photography, __15__existed a tradition of formality- handed down from portrait painting- in which posing for a photograph was considered a solemn occasion.”

The second reason, according to Thomas, is that prior to the 1880s, photographs required long exposures. So contributing to the process, this could involve 20 minutes or more. This necessitated the subject remaining still, and since maintaining a smile for such an extended period was difficult, it was discouraged. The arrival of smiling face in photos came after the invention of the snapshot in the 1880s with the introduction of the Kodak dry-plate camera.

15 --- A) it B) that C) when D) there

答案是 D

為什麼呢??

為什麼不用it和days的s有關嗎??不懂

自己解析如下

Ann Thomas 主詞

, curator of photographs at the National Gallery of Canada,同位語補充說明主詞身份

says,動詞

“ In the early days of photography, 副詞子句.

__15__ 主詞existed a tradition of formality

- handed down from portrait painting- in which posing for a photograph was considered a solemn occasion.”

2 Answers

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  • 7 years ago
    Favorite Answer

    這句不用看前後文,根據選項和句型 existed a tradition of formality,大約也能知道要選 (D) there,不可以用 it。 這與 days 無關,是句型一定要用 there。

    這種句型在英語稱為 「存在句」 existential sentence。

    所謂 「存在句」 就是 there 起頭,最常見是接 be V: there is、 there are。另外是接 有「存在」含意的動詞,如: exist (存在有)、remain(仍然有)、occur (發生有)。這種句子真正主詞在後面 :

    There existed a tradition of formality

    = A tradition of formality existed.

    存在有一個 講究正式 的傳統

    There remain some problems.

    = Some problems remain.

    仍然還有一些問題。

    你的文法分析都正確,但跟選 there 無關,只是幫助文意的理解。 這裡是說,早期開始攝影的時代,受到肖像畫的影響,畫肖像算是嚴肅的事,所以攝人像時,主人翁也還有這種講究正式的傳統,所以拍照就不笑。

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  • Louis
    Lv 7
    7 years ago

    本人認同LionEnglish大師的分析。

    in the early days of photography是介系詞片語,修飾該句的述部there existed,屬副詞性質。

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