Sir asked in Science & MathematicsBiology · 7 years ago

what are subatomic particles?

and some details about them

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  • Diane
    Lv 5
    7 years ago
    Favorite Answer

    Generally speaking, subatomic particles are particles smaller than an atom. There are the three basic ones that make up atoms, and you probably already know that those are protons, neutrons and electrons.

    If we delve more deeply into the physics of the subatomic world, more and more particles will appear. At one point, there were literally dozens and dozens of different subatomic particles, and they created what was called a particle zoo. Since then, some newer ideas regarding the world of these tiny particles has arisen, and most of the particles in the zoo were recognized as composite particles made up of a just a few fundamental particles.

    Begin learning about subatomic particles by developing an understanding of protons, neutrons and electrons. Then find out what makes them up, and move from there to the number and nature of fundamental particles. :) :)

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  • 7 years ago

    subatomic particles are the smallest particles in the universe, they are what actually make up atoms (the building blocks of matter) because they are what make up atoms, they are called sub-atomic. some of the larger subatomic particles are protons neutrons and electrons . subatomic particles are responsible for giving atoms there charge, electrons being negative give the atom a negative charge, protons being positive give a positive one, usually atoms have no charge because they have the same number of electrons as protons, but in isotopes, atoms may have more or less protons or electrons resulting in a charged atom. the atom is over 99% empty space, and its mass comes from the protons and neutronms at the center of the atom in whats called the nucleus, electrons are much much smaller than protons and neuttrons and orbit at speeds approaching the speed of light in what is called the electron cloud, on the periodic table the atomic number tells you how many protons (and how many electrons because they are usually the same amount) an atom has. neutrons have no charge but give the atom mass, and serve a few other purposes i wont go into. however electrons neutrons and protons are not the only subatomic particles, one that is newly discovered is called the higgs boson, although protons and neutrons are big and have mass, we never knew exactly what is mass, and where does it come from, the answer is the higgs boson, which gives particles mass and the ability to bend space time however slightly, which causes gravity, stars having more mass and therefore more higgs bosons, bend space time a lot and have a lot of gravity, whereas one hydrogen atom having only one proton neutron and electron (its atomic number is one) has virtually no mass, and therefore very little gravity. some other subatomic particles are neutrinos and quarks, this was a very basic explanation, but for more info go to

    http://van.physics.illinois.edu/qa/listing.php?id=...

    hope it helped!!

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  • sward
    Lv 4
    3 years ago

    it is extra or much less suited - even with the shown fact that a extra precise assessment would desire to be to a speck of dirt whilst in comparison with the two the sunlight, or the excellent image voltaic gadget (relying on the subatomic particle in question). A quark is generally defined as being 10^-18m. different subatomic debris (a a million MeV neutrino case in point) is presumed to be someplace around 10^-24m A speck of dirt is approximately 10^-5m. The Earth's diameter is approximately ~10^7m The sunlight's diameter is approximately ~10^9m. So a speck of dirt is 12 aspects of 10 smaller than the Earth, 14 aspects smaller than the sunlight. A quark is 13 aspects of 10 smaller than a speck of dirt, a neutrino (of 1MeV) is nineteen aspects of 10 smaller than a speck of dirt. So the ratio of a quark could be extra like the evaluating Jupiter (@ 10^8m) to a speck of dirt (a ingredient of 13) - and a 1MeV neutrino is like evaluating a speck of dirt to the size of the excellent image voltaic gadget (@ 10^12m - a ingredient of 17). For a ingredient of nineteen, you're only approximately at a mild twelve months (9.40 six × 10^15m) it is especially strategies-blowing :-)

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  • 7 years ago

    Protons, neutrons, and electrons. This link has some good information:

    http://www.ndt-ed.org/EducationResources/HighSchoo...

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