NG
Lv 7
NG asked in 社會與文化語言 · 7 years ago

all 與 both 一問

John, Paul, and Peter will all come here tomorrow to celebrate Jack’s birthday. These five students are all good. He and I will both go to Taichung tomorrow. 以上的all、both是我的疑點,到底他們分別做什麼詞,感覺all在這裡跟“All I Have to Do is Dream”有些不太一樣,以上都是當副詞用嗎?

2 Answers

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  • Louis
    Lv 7
    7 years ago
    Favorite Answer

    John, Paul, and Peter will all come here tomorrow to celebrate Jack’s birthday.

    These five students are all good.

    He and I will both go to Taichung tomorrow. 以上的all, both屬[代名詞]用法。both和all在指主詞[兩者都~]與[全體都~]時,可以置於一般動詞前,或be動詞和助動詞之後。

    請參見石黑昭博編修<朗文新英文文法全集>p.497(both)及p.499(all)的說明及例句:

    The ladies over there are both from Greece.

    They were all excited.

    代名詞both, all 也可放在人稱代名詞的後面,或寫成both/all the (所有格/these/those]+名詞,或寫成all/both of xxx All I Have to Do is Dream”

    這裡的all也是代名詞,當is的主詞。

    Bernard was all alone in a strange city.

    They forgot all about everything else.

    all放在adjective, adverb, preposition, 或conjuction之前時,才是當副詞用。請參見Macmillan English Dictionary for Advance Learners p.38 all

    both ... and...當相關連接副詞,但both不會單獨當副詞用。

    2013-03-09 12:46:37 補充:

    Michael Swan著<牛津英語用法指南>p.49

    all在be動詞或助動詞之後:

    We can all swim.

    The guests have all arrived.

    Those apples were all bad.

    在其它動詞之前:

    My family all work in education.

    They all liked the soup.

    2013-03-09 12:50:22 補充:

    <牛津英語用法指南>p.141

    both在be動詞或助動詞之後:

    We can bith swim.

    The children have both gone to bed.

    Those oranges were both bad.

    在其它動詞之前:

    My parents both work in education.

    They both liked the flowers.

    2013-03-09 12:50:41 補充:

    typo: We can both swim.

    2013-03-09 12:53:04 補充:

    both與all放在"中間位置"時,雖然位置像副詞,但並不是副詞。

    2013-03-09 12:54:01 補充:

    [中間位置]是指助動詞與主要動詞之間的位置。

    2013-03-09 13:10:10 補充:

    在結構上all/both放在前述例句的代名詞後,be動詞與助動詞後,其它動詞前等狀況時,它們不是[修飾語],而是主詞的[同位語]。

  • 7 years ago

    這題 Louis 的回答比我正確。 應該參考她的回答。

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