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南哥 asked in 社會與文化語言 · 8 years ago

英文文法請求姊答

1 "Hurrah!I,ve passed the exam!" he said

=he exclaimed___ that he had passed the exam

1 in delight

2 with joy

2 He said to me,"Ihave lost my pen. May I ues yours?"

=He told me he had lost his pen, and___he might use mine

1 if

2 asked me if

希望能詳述~3Q

2 Answers

Rating
  • 羅莉
    Lv 7
    8 years ago
    Favorite Answer

    1 "Hurrah!I,ve passed the exam!" he said

    =he exclaimed___ that he had passed the exam

    1 in delight

    2 with joy

    正解: 2 with joy

    表較明顯或激動的情緒時用:

    exclaim with xxx

    例如:

    exclaim with joy,

    exclaim with wonder,

    exclaim with sorrow,

    exclaim with regret,

    ...等.

    參閱:

    http://www.studyandexam.com/indirect-speech-impera...

    (看網頁下半部)

    2 He said to me,"I have lost my pen. May I use yours?"

    =He told me he had lost his pen, and___he might use mine.

    1 if

    2 asked me if

    正解: 2 asked me if

    直接引據的內容包含一個直述句與一個Yes/No疑問句;

    間接引句要用兩個不同的動詞來引述, 疑問句不可沿用直述句的動詞, 而要另用表發問的動詞asked.

    Source(s): 羅莉 + 英文文法
  • Louis
    Lv 7
    8 years ago

    1 "Hurrah!I,ve passed the exam!" he said

    =he exclaimed___ that he had passed the exam

    1 in delight

    2 with joy

    兩個選項均正確。

    字典例句:

    They would slide down the icy slpes, shrieking with/in deight.

    Penny could have shouted with joy.

    2 He said to me,"Ihave lost my pen. May I ues yours?"

    =He told me he had lost his pen, and___he might use mine

    1 if

    2 asked me if

    第二個選項才是正確的。asked才能搭配if,而且連接詞and是配合兩個平行的結構told可以和asked平行,但he had lost his pen與if he might use mine的意義不平行對稱。

    2013-03-08 10:19:31 補充:

    She exclaimed in horror when she saw me.

    Macmillan字典例句p.509

    2013-03-08 10:24:52 補充:

    http://dictionary.cambridge.org/dictionary/america...

    She exclaimed with delight when she saw the baby.

    to exclaim in excitement這裡的介系詞是屬於後面excitement的

    to exclaim at the extraordinary price of the house這裡的介系詞才是幫助不及物動詞exclaim形成動詞片語,有及物的功能

    2013-03-08 10:26:48 補充:

    with delight = in delight

    Macmillan字典p.390

    2013-03-08 10:32:15 補充:

    He exclaimed... that he had passed the exam.

    裡的exclaimed屬及物動詞用法,後面的that子句是其受詞。

    空格中間的是修飾語,本句選項的狀況是用來修飾動詞exclaimed的介系詞片語,剛好兩個選項都正確。

    2013-03-08 10:38:59 補充:

    He told me he had lost his pen and he might use mine.

    如果寫成上面這樣的話,後面的子句he might use mine就變成肯定的敘述,表示他可能會這樣做。但與原來的May I use your pens?的意思就不符了。所以要寫成to ask if ...的結構,才能保持原來詢問是否可做的意思。

    Source(s): Macmillan English Dictionary for Advanced Learners
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