莘萍 asked in 社會與文化語言 · 7 years ago

英文的關係代名詞

1. He recalls the night when they parted at Big Joe Brady's and their arrangement where thy agree to overcome all obstacles to meet each other at the same palce in twenty years.

請問agrrangement 後為何用 where ????

2. Then we went to bed fat and happy.

這句是在這期的空中英語雜誌看到的 , 為什麼fat 和 happy 不是用副詞???

希望厲害得大大能幫我解答!!!

2 Answers

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  • 7 years ago
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    1. [請問agrrangement 後為何用 where ????]

    這裡 where = in which = in the arrangement

    句子是說他回憶起他們在 Big Joe Brady's 分別的那晚,以及他們的安排,在那項安排中他們同意二十年後要克服一切困難在 Big Joe Brady's 會面。

    這裡 where 就是 「在那項安排中」,也就是 in the arrangement。把原句拆成兩句就是這樣:

    He recalls the night when they parted at Big Joe Brady's and their arrangement. In the arrangement they agree to overcome all obstacles to meet each other at the same place in twenty years.

    合併之後, in the arrangement 可以用 in which 代替,也可以用 where。

    He recalls the night when they parted at Big Joe Brady's and their arrangement in which they agree to overcome all obstacles to meet each other at the same place in twenty years.

    = He recalls the night when they parted at Big Joe Brady's and their arrangement where they agree to overcome all obstacles to meet each other at the same place in twenty years.

    2. Then we went to bed fat and happy.

    [為什麼fat 和 happy 不是用副詞???]

    fat and happy 是「滿足快樂」的意思,是人的情緒,是形容詞。 動詞 went 不會有情緒,所以這裡 fat and happy 是要講人,不是講動詞,不可用副詞。

    不過這句是這樣來的,中間經過一個省略 being 的過程:

    Then we went to bed. We were fat and happy.

    兩句合併,用分詞 being 代替後面的 we were,變成分詞構句:

    Then we went to bed being fat and happy.

    分詞構句 being + 形容詞 fat and happy,being 可以省略:

    Then we went to bed fat and happy.

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  • Louis
    Lv 7
    7 years ago

    1. where在這裡是關係副詞。

    作用類似本句This is a case where practice makes perfect.

    2. fat and happy可視為[插入語],是作者對we加註解,與本句無結構關係。

    2013-03-06 13:40:42 補充:

    where在本句所帶出來的形容詞子句對先行詞arrangement有限定的功能。

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