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高中範圍英文題目求詳解~

1. To cut down on the garbage, it is essential that all household trash ___ and put into

trash bags.

(A)must be classified (B) be classified (C) is classified (D) should classify

Ans: B

Question:請問為何選項(A)不行? (C)是因為複數而不選? (D)則是因為不為被動?

2. He looks so tired today. He ___ stayed up very late last night.

(A)will have (B) has (C) must have (D) may have.

Ans:C

Question: 教科書上我看到 must + have p.p. 為對過去的推測,但網路上我又查到

may + have p.p. 為"可能已做的某事"的推測,請問用法上有什麼差異呢

3. Josh: I thought I was late so I took a taxi.

Eric: But actually you still had plenty of time. You ___.

(A)shouldn't hurry (B) might not hurry (C)must not have hurried (D)needn't have hurried

Ans:D

Question:A、C是語氣及時態所以錯誤? C為何不行呢?

4. She flatters a person and speaks ill of the person behind his/her back, so I won't

believe ___.

Question: (1)that she says為何不可?

(2)what does she say 是因為多了does?

5. Health and wealth are both important to us, but without health, wealth is of no use.

Therefore, ___ is more significant than ___.

Question: 為何是填 that/ this 而不是 this / that ?

6. ___ Anne Sullivan's patient teaching, Helen Keller might have lived in a word of

darkness forever.

(A) If not for (B) If it was not for (C) Had it not been for (D) But for (E) Were it not for

Ans: A 、C、D

Question: might have p.p. 所以為"與過去事實相反"的假設語氣,前面為had p.p.

所以(B)應為 If it had been not for、(E)改成(C)? 而A、D為何也為答案?

7. 中翻英:沒能獲得銀行貸款令我們很失望。

 (A)To our disappointment, we didn't succeed in taking out a bank loan.

(B)We were disappointed that we failed to take out a bank loan.

(C)Fail to take out a bank loan disappointed us/

(D)To disappointed us, we were not successful in taking out a bank loan.

(E)The failure to take out a bank loan made us disappoint.

Ans: A、B

Question : 為何C、D、E錯誤?

Update:

8. 他們贏了那場比賽我感到很驚訝。

(A)I'm surprised that they won the game.

(B)It's surprising to me that they won the game.

(C)To my surprise, they won the game.

(D)It surprises me that they won the game.

(E)What surprises me is they won the game.

Ans: All

Question: 這題跟上題差不多不解差異性

2 Answers

Rating
  • Louis
    Lv 7
    7 years ago
    Favorite Answer

    1. Question:請問為何選項(A)不行? (C)是因為複數而不選? (D)則是因為不為被動?

    這題有問題,因為trash是不可數名詞,應用單數動詞。所以選C和B是正確。

    字典及文法書內例句:

    It is essential that all equipment is properly maintained.(美語)

    It is essential that we should act quickly.(英語,美語省去should)

    It is important that you be there.(美語)

    It is important that she goes there.(美語)

    在it is ... that ... 的cleft sentence句構裡,用了essential, important, necessary, imperative, vital, impossible, obligatory, appropriate, advisable, desirable, preferable等形容詞(表示情感或意願)為主詞補語,that子句的述語動詞是用現在式假設法(美語)或should +root verb(英語)。請參見趙振才著<英語常見問題大詞典>p.291 及朗文新英文文法全集p.128

    must be是肯定的敘述,must have been才是假設(對過去的推測),所以選項A不行。

    選項D是主動。錯誤。

    2. Question: must + have p.p. 為對過去的推測

    may + have p.p. 為"可能已做的某事"的推測,用法上有什麼差異

    用must比may的肯定性要高。

    3. Question:A、C是語氣及時態所以錯誤? C為何不行呢?

    因為事實上你已經hurry過了,不是現在才要去hurry,但選項A是指現在不該,B是指以前大概沒有hurry或現在不可以hurry,C是指過去一定沒有hurry(這與事實不符),所以錯誤。只有C是指當時不需要。

    4. Question:

    (1)that she says為何不可?

    因為that需要有先行詞,但空格前沒有,所以必須用帶先行詞的關係代名詞what

    (2)what does she say 是因為多了does?

    這是直接問句的結構,但這裡既不需直接問句也不而間接問句來當believe的受詞。

    5. Question: 為何是填 that/ this 而不是 this / that ?

    因為that(遠)是指前者(the former),而this(近)是指後者(the latter) ,而health比wealth先出現在句子裡。不過還是用former和latter較佳。

    6.Question: might have p.p. 所以為"與過去事實相反"的假設語氣,前面為had p.p.

    所以(B)應為 If it had been not for、(E)改成(C)? 而A、D為何也為答案?

    因為A, D裡的介系詞片語也可以用來提供條件,不一定要用副詞子句的方式。

    7. Question : 為何C、D、E錯誤?.

    (C)Fail to take out a bank loan disappointed us.

    fail是動詞,不能用來作句子的主詞。

    (D)To disappointed us, we were not successful in taking out a bank loan.

    to disappoint是不定詞,不能在字尾加上ed,應是root verb

    (E)The failure to take out a bank loan made us disappoint.

    disappoint是動詞,要改成過去分詞,才能當受詞補語。

    8. Question: 差異性

    他們贏了那場比賽我感到很驚訝。

    (A)I'm surprised that they won the game.

    因為that子句不受介系詞約束,所以to be surprised at/by的介系詞遭強制刪去。

    (B)It's surprising to me that they won the game.

    本句是分裂句(cleft sentence),主詞補語surprising to me受到強調。that子句是delayed subject。

    (C)To my surprise, they won the game.

    介系詞片語當述部修飾語。

    (D)It surprises me that they won the game.

    主詞太長,用虛主詞it,後面的子句是delayed subject

    (E)What surprises me is they won the game.

    名詞子句當主詞,what是帶先行詞的關係代名詞。

    • Commenter avatarLogin to reply the answers
  • 7 years ago

    您好!

    我的解答:

    1.it is essential that S+V句型中,V必須自動改成should+原V。

    原題目的句子就應該是it is essential that all household trash (should be

    classified) and put into trash bags.其中should可被省略。

    2.must have是對過去強烈的推測,就是說"他一定~"。

    may have則是不那麼肯定的推測。

    3.(D)選項的意思是"你不必那麼趕",而(C)選項則是說"你不可以那麼趕",有

    禁止對方那麼做的口氣,所以不能選。

    4.(1)believe是及物動詞,後面必須加名詞。如果用that she says就變成及物

    動詞後面沒有接名詞了。

    (2)對,要刪去does。

    5.題幹最末句---因此,____比____更重要。從題目可知,要答"前者"比"後

    者"更重要,故選that(前者)/this(後者)

    6."if not for"和"but for"都有"without"(若沒有了~)的意思,故可選。

    7.(C)改成"Failing" to take out a bank loan disappointed us.必須要動名詞當

    主詞。

    (D)改成"To our disaapointment", we were not successful in taking out a

    bank loan.

    (E)改成The failure to take out a bank loan made us "disappointed".使人~

    應寫成make 人+pp.

    8.沒有錯誤。

    • Commenter avatarLogin to reply the answers
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