Back in the 1950s how were Hispanics treated in the Civil Rights Movements?
How about if you were a light brown skin puerto rican? Do you have to go to the whites or the blacks places? How about if there was a white puerto rican? Also how about dark dominicans? Will they label as black? Puerto ricans are different colors so did that matter to the people back then?
- 7 years agoFavorite Answer
The Chicano Movement emerged during the Civil Rights era with three goals: restoral of land, rights for farm workers and education reforms. Prior to the 1960s, however, Latinos lacked influence in the national political arena. That changed when the Mexican American Political Association worked to elect John F. Kennedy president in 1960, establishing Latinos as a significant voting bloc.
After Kennedy was sworn into office, he showed his gratitude toward the Latino community by not only appointing Hispanics to posts in his administration but also by considering the concerns of the Hispanic community. As a viable political entity, Latinos, particularly Mexican Americans, began demanding that reforms be made in labor, education and other sectors to meet their needs.
A Movement with Historic Ties
When did the Hispanic community’s quest for justice begin? Their activism actually predates the 1960s. In the 1940s and ’50s, for example, Hispanics won two major legal victories. The first—Mendez v. Westminster Supreme Court—was a 1947 case that prohibited segregating Latino schoolchildren from white children. It proved to be an important predecessor to Brown v. Board of Education, in which the U.S. Supreme Court determined that a “separate but equal” policy in schools violated the Constitution. In 1954, the same year Brown appeared before the Supreme Court, Hispanics achieved another legal feat in Hernandez v. Texas. In this case, the Supreme Court ruled that the Fourteenth Amendment guaranteed equal protection to all racial groups, not just blacks and whites.
In the 1960s and '70s, Hispanics not only pressed for equal rights, they began to question the Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo. This 1848 agreement ended the Mexican-American War and resulted in America acquiring territory from Mexico that currently comprises the Southwestern U. S. During the Civil Rights Era, Chicano radicals began to demand that the land be given to Mexican Americans, as they believed it constituted their ancestral homeland, also known as Aztlán. In 1966, Reies López Tijerina led a three-day march from Albuquerque, N.M., to the state capital of Santa Fe, where he gave the governor a petition calling for the investigation of Mexican land grants. He argued the U.S.’s annexing of Mexican land in the 1800s was illegal.
Activist Rodolfo “Corky” Gonzales, known for the poem “Yo Soy Joaquín,” or “I Am Joaquín,” also backed a separate Mexican-American state. The epic poem about Chicano history and identity includes the following lines: “The Treaty of Hidalgo has been broken and is but another treacherous promise. / My land is lost and stolen. / My culture has been raped.”
Farm Workers Make Headlines
Arguably the most well-known fight Mexican Americans waged during the 1960s was that to secure unionization for farm workers. To sway grape growers to recognize United Farm Workers--the Delano, Calif., union launched by Cesar Chavez and Dolores Huerta--a national boycott on grapes began in 1965. Grape pickers went on strike, and Chavez went on a 25-day hunger strike in 1968. At the height of their fight, Sen. Robert F. Kennedy visited the farm workers to show his support. It took until 1970 for the farm workers to triumph. That year, grape growers signed agreements acknowledging UFW as a union.
Philosophy of a Movement
Students played a central role in the Chicano fight for justice. Notable student groups include United Mexican American Students and Mexican American Youth Association. Members of such groups staged walkouts from schools in Denver and Los Angeles in 1968 to protest Eurocentric curriculums, high dropout rates among Chicano students, a ban on speaking Spanish and related issues. By the next decade, both the Department of Health, Education and Welfare and the U.S. Supreme Court declared it unlawful to keep students who couldn’t speak English from getting an education. Later, Congress passed the Equal Opportunity Act of 1974, which resulted in the implementation of more bilingual education programs in public schools.
Not only did Chicano activism in 1968 lead to educational reforms, it also saw the birth of the Mexican American Legal Defense and Education Fund, which formed with the goal of protecting the civil rights of Hispanics. It was the first organization dedicated to such a cause.
The following year, hundreds of Chicano activists gathered for the First National Chicano Conference in Denver. The name of the conference is significant as it marks the term “Chicano's” replacement of "Mexican." At the conference, activists developed a manifesto of sorts called “El Plan Espiritual de Aztlán,” or “The Spiritual Plan of Aztlán.”
- 4 years ago
The guy in you category is stupid and doesn't know so much about being Latino. I'm Latino, and that i under no circumstances compare our struggle to the African-American wrestle. It is distinct, and was once not as publisized as the Black struggle. But I do have to say that the majority people don't know that both blacks and Latinos (Mexican men and women in theis case) have had their land taken faraway from them: Blacks had been enslaved and offered to the Americas at the same time the complete western a part of the US (which was once then all of Mexico) used to be signed off the the white man. They kicked us out of our own land, and did lynch our folks in the southwest aswell as Native americans. Of direction, African-American Civil Rights motion had free ties with the Chicano walkouts, but every has its own history in this nation. Both Blacks and Latinos have deep roots in the us, however evaluating the two is fallacious seeing that they don't seem to be the identical. Even as blacks have had individuals calling them inhuman, Latinos had folks calling them the distinct equal thing. Signs like NO puppies OR MEXICANS the place posted all the way up unless the 1960's. You even said that you don't so much about you Latino side, good might be you will have to look it up. It is not reasonable to assert Blacks had it the worst considering that how do you know different racial agencies struggle in america? Asian americans, Blacks, and Latinos should be pals, on account that all have long gone by way of struggles of their history in the united states. Though evaluating the hardships is not right and no one can take your historical past away from you.
- TomLv 77 years ago
When I was growing up in North Carolina and Mississippi, Mexicans and Hispanics were considered WHITE.---and treated as such.---Treating them as Minorities, came about in the late 60s by politicians trying to isolate them from the mainstream society and cultivating them for votes as they have done the blacks soon before.--They then became "Hispanics", a separate group. helped along by removing incentives for them to NOT have to learn English.--further isolating them from the mainstream, and making "welfare cases" out of many of them.Source(s): Experience--Had hispanic school mates In the days before INTEGRATION, thought nothing of it. People were either "white" or "Black"----Hispanics and even orentials were "white"
- 7 years ago
If they appear light brown or white then they were white people. No matter of being Spanish speaking.