Politics and government question?
Before winning victories in ______ proponents of civil rights found ______willing to support their cause.
a. the Supreme Court/Congress
b. Congress/state legislatures
c. Congress/the Supreme Court
d. the Supreme Court/state legislatures
- Anonymous7 years agoFavorite Answer
c. The Supreme Court decided Brown v. Board of Education, holding that racial segregated schools were inherently unequal, and therefore unconstitutional. That occurred in 1954. The Civil Rights legislation in Congress came later.
It must be remembered, however, that the federal courts once held that racial segregation was entirely constitutional. On at least seven separate occasions, spanning a time period of nearly 60 years, the United States Supreme Court held, either explicitly or by necessary implication, that “separate but equal” was the correct rule of law. See Plessy v. Ferguson, 163 U.S. 537 (1896); Cumming v. Board of Education, 175 U.S. 528 (1899); Berea College v. Kentucky, 211 U.S. 45 (1908); Gong Lum v. Rice, 275 U.S. 78 (1927); Missouri ex rel. Gaines v. Canada, 305 U.S. 337 (1938); Sipuel v. Board of Regents, 332 U.S. 631 (1948); Sweatt v. Painter, 339 U.S. 629 (1950).