美國法院的法官,能推翻陪審團的判決嗎?

不好意思,我對美國的審判制度,都是看影集的,只有一些法律名詞會上網查一下,我看過好幾集,是民事訴訟,陪審團作出賠償金額的判決之後,法官可以不同意陪審團,直接將金額刪減,請問一下,法官有這個權力嗎?

還有刑事判決,陪審團只是判決有沒有罪,刑期好像是法官決定的?

Update:

印象很深刻是有一集,原告告一家藥商,官司途中,藥商把和解金額,由20萬提高到60萬,但是原告並不接受,後來結果出來,陪審團判決原告勝訴,賠償金額為560萬,被告律師馬上要求法官取消該判決,只見法官閉上眼睛,想了一下睜開說:deny

這就是我的問題所在,再者,原告並沒有提出賠償金額,為什麼是陪審團決定的,真實狀況是如此嗎?

Update 2:

Gary大大是個專家,那我就一次問完好了,還有一集是原告告政府,忘記是那個單位,內容不太記得,只記得最後結果是陪審團判原告勝訴,政府須賠償很大一筆錢,當原告與原告律師相擁歡呼的時候,法官卻說這個判決不合理,他否決掉,理由好像是說政府如果要避免掉所有可能發生意外,所花費的經費將會是天價,其中記得他說:政府如果要避免車禍,就要讓車商把每輛車子作的跟坦克車一樣,那是不可能的,他怕此例一開,政府會被告不完

覺得在美國,人民要告政府,好像很難成功?

4 Answers

Rating
  • Gary
    Lv 7
    8 years ago
    Favorite Answer

    1. Yes.

    2. Yes except capital punishment cases. In capital punishment cases, the jury has to determine if the convicted should receive capital punishment or not.

    2013-02-07 10:38:10 補充:

    See it yourself:

    http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Liebeck_v._McDonald%2...

    2013-02-07 10:40:22 補充:

    And this:

    http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Punitive_damages#Unit...

    2013-02-08 14:22:29 補充:

    Let me illustrate with a real life case:

    http://www.baumhedlundlaw.com/pdf/zoloft-class-act...

    If you look at page 1, you will see that "DEMAND FOR JURY TRIAL". This indicates that the plaintiffs want to proceed the case by jury trial.

    2013-02-08 14:23:09 補充:

    If you look at page 48-51, you will see that in all damages requested, there is no amount provided. This means that the jury will determine the amount.

    2013-02-08 14:26:43 補充:

    They are as real as it gets. The only issue is most cases will not end up in jury's hand.

    At least 90% of both civil and criminal cases are settled without a trial.

    2013-02-08 14:27:54 補充:

    Also - if you read the links I provided in the Comment area, you will know that judge can always exercise discretion to limit the compensation as sometimes the award may be limited by law, which the jury has no idea.

    2013-02-08 17:55:43 補充:

    The U.S. Government has immunity from lawsuit, as known as sovereign immunity. In that case, all lawsuit against the U.S. Government for damage must be approved by the U.S. Government.

    Yes - you heard me correct - you need the Government's approval in order to sue them.

    2013-02-08 17:58:35 補充:

    Each State enjoys limited immunity. Unlike from the U.S. Government, the State can still be sued for damages. Based on different law of the State, a denial of claim is usually required before you can sue the State.

    2013-02-08 17:59:01 補充:

    Other administrative divisions have no immunity which they are required to face lawsuits. But additional procedures (like filing a claim) may be required before suing.

    2013-02-08 18:01:25 補充:

    In the reality - if the Government wants to invoke its immunity, the Court will review its rationale and determine from there. In that case, the case will not even go to trial if the immunity is valid.

    2013-02-08 18:03:59 補充:

    Keep in mind - most of the judges' decision are appealable.

    So even the judge does this, it does not mean it will stand.

  • 5 years ago

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  • 8 years ago

    Gary (答案錯誤

    法官無權利推翻陪審團的判斷

  • s
    Lv 7
    8 years ago

    不一定, 要看地方. 美國50個州, 51套法律(還有個聯邦法). 律師不會越州打官司, 因為你可能不懂該州的法律, 也不能在該州執業.

    在不知道是詳細狀況之前, 你說的法官將金額刪減不是不可能. 但是法官要有理由. 而這個理由要夠強, 不會讓賠錢的一方以這個理由上訴, 而變成全案要重審. 理論上, 也有法官完全不採用陪審團做出的決定而逕行判決. 這種大概都會上新聞的.

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