00 asked in 社會與文化語言 · 7 years ago

動名詞片語、介係詞 、名詞位置?

127. Gaining some basic insight into the Russian mentality, culture and etiquette is key for( )doing business in Russia.

a)anyone b)it c)theirs d)yourself

答案是A

1.主詞是動名詞片語,為什麼反身代名詞是itself而不會是yourself

2.這句動名詞片語是哪句?

130.

We did develop a plan with goals laid out ( ) the next three years as to what we need to accomplish and when to succeed in the end.

a)across b)among c)between d)throughout

答案是d;不能選abc的原因分別是甚麼?

132.

Respond to all phone calls and emails( ) company service and maintain regularly scheduled office hours too ensure customers can reach service during listed times.

a)regard b)regards c)regarded d)regarding

答案是d

為什麼是 -ing型態的介係詞題目?

137.

If you are receiving numerous( )about the same product or service,there is a good chance you’regoing to lose customers.

a)complain b)complaining c)complaints d)complainer

答案是c

可是numerouos不是名詞要修飾形容詞嗎? 因選項中的單字都不懂意思 要如何選答案呢?

2 Answers

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  • Louis
    Lv 7
    7 years ago
    Favorite Answer

    127. Gaining some basic insight into the Russian mentality, culture and etiquette is key for( ) doing business in Russia.

    a)anyone b)it c)theirs d)yourself

    答案是A

    1.主詞是動名詞片語,為什麼反身代名詞是itself而不會是yourself

    2.這句動名詞片語是哪句?

    動名詞片語很長,從gaining到etiquette(上了黃底的部分)。

    本句的結構是:A is key for XXX

    句子後面的doing business in Russia是分詞片語,修飾前面空格裡的字。

    從語意上來看,在俄羅斯經商的當然是[人],而不是當本句主詞的動名詞(做某件事的這個行為)了,不會用到反身代名詞,讓空格裡的這個字,再回到主詞所指的這件事。只有指人的anybody適合填入空格。

    130.

    We did develop a plan with goals laid out ( ) the next three years as to what we need to accomplish and when to succeed in the end.

    a)across b)among c)between d)throughout

    答案是d;不能選abc的原因分別是甚麼?

    laid out throughout the next three years是a plan with goals的修飾語,表示這計畫的時間所穿越的長度。

    across是從上面越過(不合適)

    throughout是從裡頭穿過(適合題意)

    among是三者之中,between是兩者之間,但the next three years只有一個期間,所以不合適使用。

    132.

    Respond to all phone calls and emails ( ) company service and maintain regularly scheduled office hours to ensure customers can reach service during listed times.

    a)regard b)regards c)regarded d)regarding

    答案是d

    為什麼是 -ing型態的介係詞題目?

    這句是祈使句:respond ... and maintain....。regarding帶出一個介系詞片語 ,用來修飾前面的名詞phone calls 和emails。regarding屬於介系詞而非分詞。類似的介系詞還有including, owing to, given, considering, notwithstanding, concerning, according to, during等。

    137.

    If you are receiving numerous ( ) about the same product or service, there is a good chance you’regoing to lose customers.

    a)complain b)complaining c)complaints d)complainer

    答案是c

    可是numerouos不是名詞要修飾形容詞嗎? 因選項中的單字都不懂意思 要如何選答案呢?

    (a) complain是抱怨的動詞

    (b) complaining是抱怨的分詞或動名詞

    (c) complaints是抱怨的名詞

    (d) complainer是抱怨者(名詞),動詞後的-er字尾,表示指做這行為的[人]。

    後面的介系詞片語用來修飾空格裡的字

    本句的副詞子句有了are receiving當主要動詞,空格裡的字就是其受詞,只有名詞性質的字當受詞。你可用排除法,去尋找答案。

    numerous是形容詞,-ous是形容詞字尾,可供你辨識。

  • 7 years ago

    127. Gaining some basic insight into the Russian mentality, culture and etiquette is key for( )doing business in Russia.

    a)anyone b)it c)theirs d)yourself

    答案是A

    1.主詞是動名詞片語,為什麼反身代名詞是itself而不會是yourself

    2.這句動名詞片語是哪句?

    得到對俄羅斯人心理的基本認識,文化和禮儀任何人是在俄羅斯做生意的關鍵。

    anyone是任何人,任何人都可以做生意,對。

    itself用來指文化和禮儀,但是文化和禮儀兩件事應該用複數,加上文化和禮儀不會做生意,所以錯。

    theirs是所有格代名詞,代表文化和禮儀的所有物,不管那是什麼,說會做生意也不正常,錯。

    yourself是指你自己,但是yourself應該是在you當主詞,而你自己又當受詞的時候,才會用到,文法不正常,錯。

    動名詞片語是Gaining some basic insight into the Russian mentality,它在這裡當作副詞,為後半句"文化和禮儀是任何人在俄羅斯做生意的關鍵"這句話,提供額外的資訊,表示文化和禮儀是關鍵的想法是由得到基本認識來的。

    itself是"它自己"的意思,yourself是"你自己"的意思兩個意思不一樣,所以itself不是yourself。

    130.

    We did develop a plan with goals laid out ( ) the next three years as to what we need to accomplish and when to succeed in the end.

    a)across b)among c)between d)throughout

    答案是d;不能選abc的原因分別是甚麼?

    across是指空間上"對面的"的意思,不能用在時間,錯。

    among是給在三個以上的可數名詞之中的某一或某些事物使用,但不包括時間,那樣不自然,錯。

    between可以是時間或是空間,任何有中間點的東西都可以,但不像throughout保證我在每一個時間點都在做那件事,但是要把上下範圍寫出來才正確,所以錯。

    throughout和between一樣,但只要在後面把時間長度寫出來就好了,所以對。

    132.

    Respond to all phone calls and emails( ) company service and maintain regularly scheduled office hours too ensure customers can reach service during listed times.

    a)regard b)regards c)regarded d)regarding

    答案是d

    為什麼是 -ing型態的介係詞題目?

    固定用法,表示關於的意思。

    137.

    If you are receiving numerous( )about the same product or service,there is a good chance you’regoing to lose customers.

    a)complain b)complaining c)complaints d)complainer

    答案是c

    可是numerouos不是名詞要修飾形容詞嗎? 因選項中的單字都不懂意思 要如何選答案呢?

    numerous是形容詞修飾複數名詞或集合名詞,所以選c

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