phy mock question
- 天同Lv 78 years agoFavorite Answer
1. Since the voltage rating of each bulb is 3 volt, and is connected to 1 6 volt supply, we need to have two bulbs connected in series (to form a branch) to enable each bulb to be fully lit.
Power supplied by the 6-volt source = 6 x 2 w = 12 w
Each bulb consumes 1.5 w, hence each branch (consists of 2 bulbs in series) consumes 1.5 x 2 w = 3 w.
No. of branches that can be connected to the power source in parallel
= 12/3 = 4
But there are 2 bulbs in each branch, the total no. of bulbs
= 4 x 2 = 8
2. (a) Let c be the critical angle
sin(c) = 1/1.36
hence, c = 47.33 degrees
(b) Let the refracted angle at the other side (inside the soap) at A be r
r = (c - 10) degrees = (47.33 - 10) degrees = 37.33 degrees
Hence, sin(theta)/sin(37.33) = 1.36
sin(theta) = 0.8247
angle (theta) = 55.56 degrees
(c)(i) Using Law of Reflection at the surface at B
Reflected angle = c = 47.33 degrees
Hence, incident angle of the reflected ray at the boundary at C
= (47.33 + 10) degrees = 57.33 degrees
2013-01-30 22:42:48 補充：
Your question in supplementary:
Current flows from high to low potential in an EXTERNAL CIRCUIT,but from low to high potential inside an electrical power source (like a battery or a generator/dynamo). Here,the moving coil acts like a generator producing electric current by electromagnetic induction.
2013-01-30 22:46:43 補充：
... In the coil, the line AD acts as an external circuit, where as the line BC acts like an electrical generator (power source). Hence, D is higher in potential than A, but C is higher in potnetial than B.
2013-01-30 22:49:16 補充：
... Current then flows from high to low potential in external circuit (from D to A) and from low to high potential in a power source (from B to C), thus completing a circuit.
2013-01-30 22:52:42 補充：
Just think of a case in which a resistor is connected to a battery. Current flows from the +ve to -ve pole of the battery (from high to low potential) through the resistor (external circuit), but from the -ve to +ve pole inside the battery (low to high potential).