What was the Edict of Nante and...?
which group of people were affected by this more than any other, and why?
- Anonymous8 years agoFavorite Answer
The events in France that led up to King Henry IV establishing the Edict of Nantes in 1598 were as follows:
The Reformation in France received less popular, court and church support than elsewhere in Europe. As a result, the first Protestants suffered death or exile. But once the Reformed faith had been established in French-speaking Switzerland, Calvinists formed a congregation in Paris in 1555. Over 70 churches were represented at a national synod in Paris in 1559.
Reform took on the nature of a political movement in this hostile environment. A series of civil wars followed. Protestants were shamelessly massacred in cold blood on St. Bartholemew's Day in 1572. This shattered, but did not destroy, Protestantism in France. When the Protestant Henry IV succeeded to the French throne in 1589 Protestant hopes ran high. But the French Catholics formed an alliance with the king of Spain and threatened to plunge the country in blood if Henry remained a Protestant. Henry yielded for the sake of peace and to preserve his throne, and gave up his Protestantism. But in 1598 he had Protestantism legally recognized and granted the freedom to practise Reformed Christianity as in the terms of the Edict of Nantes.
This settlement gave the Huguenots religious freedom and political control of certain parts of the country, while Roman Catholicism remained the official religion of the realm and retained by far the larger portion of the nation.
The French statesman, Cardinald Richelieu, played havoc with Protestantism in the 17th century. Finally, King Louis XIV revoked the Edict of Nantes in 1685, after which French Protestants suffered bitter persecution. Thousands of Protestants fled, making their way to Geneva, Germany, England and America. Many who remained fled to the mountains of central France.
- lorddogLv 58 years ago
The Edict of Nantes was a group of legal documents issued by King Henry the IV of France in 1598. It basically established civil rights for the Huguenots, Calvinist Protestants within predominantly Roman Catholic France.
In 1598, King Henry IV- who was raised a Protestant- issued the Edict of Nantes, granting religious freedom in most of France. It allowed Protestants to live and worship anywhere except in Paris and a few other cities. Henry's law stopped the religious wars in France, but resentment between Catholics and Protestants continued.