? asked in Arts & HumanitiesHistory · 8 years ago

How were Ottoman rulers able to control such a vast empire?

How were Ottoman rulers able to control such a vast empire?

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  • 8 years ago
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    Provincial Beys,Pashas,and governors were appointed and left much to their own devices.

    As long as the annual tribute was paid on time and in full,and military contingents were supplied when required for campaigns,these people were left in place.They generally kept order by brutalizing the local population when it didn't comply with their demands or caused any trouble or unrest.

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  • 8 years ago

    By periodically massacring local populations, mostly from the Christian minorities of the Empire such as Bulgarians, Greeks and Armenians.

    In earlier times they demanded a tithe from Christian communities of their strongest boys. These would be raised as muslims and recruited into the Turkish army.

    Of course they also did what countries today still do which is put in place puppet rulers who will follow their instructions, normally through promises of support to help them overthrow their local rivals and of course money and favourable trade conditions (reduced taxes etc).

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  • 8 years ago

    The Ottoman Empire (Ottoman Turkish: دَوْلَتِ عَلِيّهٔ عُثمَانِیّه Devlet-i ʿAliyye-yi ʿOsmâniyye Modern Turkish: Osmanlı İmparatorluğu), also historically referred to as the Turkish Empire or Turkey, was a state founded by Turkish tribes under Osman Bey in north-western Anatolia in 1299. With the conquest of Constantinople by Mehmed II in 1453, the Ottoman state became an empire. The conquest of Constantinople was a pivotal event in the evolution of Turkish statehood, since the victory of 1453 cemented its Eurasian nature, which remains one of the essential characteristics of Modern Turkey. The empire reached its peak at 1590, covering parts of Asia, Europe and Africa. The reign of the long-lived Ottoman dynasty lasted for 623 years, from 27 July 1299 to 1 November 1922, when the monarchy in Turkey was abolished.

    During the 16th and 17th centuries, in particular at the height of its power under the reign of Suleiman the Magnificent, the Ottoman Empire was one of the most powerful states in the world – a multinational, multilingual empire that stretched from the southern borders of the Holy Roman Empire on the outskirts of Vienna, Royal Hungary (modern Slovakia) and the Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth in the north to Yemen and Eritrea in the south; from Algeria in the west to Azerbaijan in the east; controlling much of southeast Europe, Western Asia and North Africa. At the beginning of the 17th century the empire contained 32 provinces and numerous vassal states, some of which were later absorbed into the empire, while others were granted various types of autonomy during the course of centuries.

    With Constantinople as its capital and vast control of lands around the Mediterranean basin, the empire was at the center of interactions between the Eastern and Western worlds for over six centuries.

    After the international recognition of the new Turkish parliament headquartered in Ankara, by means of the Treaty of Lausanne signed on 24 July 1923, the Turkish parliament proclaimed on 29 October 1923 the establishment of the Republic of Turkey as the continuing state of the defunct Ottoman Empire, in line with the treaty. The Ottoman Caliphate was abolished on 3 March 1924; the Caliphate's authority and properties were transferred to the Grand National Assembly of Turkey.

    As for 'how they controlled a vast empire,' we're not talking European countries with organised governments and modern armies. We're talking huge tracts of land populated by tribesmen and nomads. Even so. they gave The British a bloody nose during the 1st.W.W. and effected huge casualties on the British and Australian troops, though they met their match and were routed in Palestine in 1918, by the British and helped vastly by Lawrence of Arabia, who fought an unremitting guerrilla war against The Turks and inflicted huge damage.

    Source(s): wiki and me
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