- Mir QuasemLv 78 years agoFavorite Answer
Weimar (German pronunciation: [ˈvaɪmaɐ]) is a city in Germany famous for its cultural heritage. It is located in the federal state of Thuringia (German: Thüringen), north of the Thüringer Wald, east of Erfurt, and southwest of Halle and Leipzig. Its current population is approximately 65,000. The oldest record of the city dates from the year 899. Weimar was the capital of the Duchy (after 1815 the Grand Duchy) of Saxe-Weimar (German Sachsen-Weimar).
Weimar's cultural heritage is vast. It is most often recognised as the place where Germany's first democratic constitution was signed after the First World War, giving its name to the Weimar Republic period in German politics, of 1918–1933. However, the city was also the focal point of the German Enlightenment and home of the leading characters of the literary genre of Weimar Classicism, the writers Goethe and Schiller. The musician Carl Philipp Emanuel Bach was born here. The city was also the birthplace of the Bauhaus movement, founded in 1919 by Walter Gropius, with artists Wassily Kandinsky, Paul Klee, Oskar Schlemmer, and Lyonel Feininger teaching in Weimar's Bauhaus School. Many places in the city centre have been designated as UNESCO World Heritage sites.
Weimar culture was a flourishing of the arts and sciences that happened during the Weimar Republic (between Germany's defeat at the end of World War I in 1918, and Hitler's rise to power in 1933).This period is frequently cited as one of those with the highest level of intellectual production in human history; Germany was the country with the most advanced science, technology, literature, philosophy and art. 1920s Berlin was at the hectic center of the Weimar culture.Although not part of the Weimar Republic, some authors also include the German speaking Austria, and particularly Vienna, as part of Weimar culture.
Germany, and Berlin in particular, was an exceptionally fertile ground for intellectuals, artists, and innovators from many fields during the Weimar Republic years. The social environment was chaotic, and politics were passionate. A significant new development in Germany's intellectual environment happened in 1918, when the faculties of German universities became fully opened to prominent Jewish scholars for the first time. Leading Jewish intellectuals on university faculties included physicist Albert Einstein; sociologists Karl Mannheim, Erich Fromm, Theodor Adorno, Max Horkheimer, and Herbert Marcuse; philosophers Ernst Cassirer and Edmund Husserl; political theorists Arthur Rosenberg and Gustav Meyer; and many others. Nine German citizens were awarded Nobel prizes during the Weimar Republic, five of whom were Jewish scientists, including two in medicine.Jewish intellectuals and creative professionals were among the leading figures in many areas of Weimar culture.Source(s): Wikipedia
- spiffer1Lv 78 years ago
Following Germany's surrender in World War I, Germany signed the Treaty of Versailles which placed controls, expropriated German territory (temporarily in most cases) and placed responsibility on Germany to pay reparations to other nations for damage caused during that War (1914-18). The Government structure of Germany which resulted from this is best known as 'Weimar'.
Weimar was a government cobbled together with coalitions of competing political parties sharing the role of governance.
Leaders was weak - especially after the demise of Gustav Streseman, who at times seemed to hold the whole system together, singlehandedly.
Fringe parties fought battles on the streets of Germany and some even held territory as the results of these battles.
It was a time of liberalization of arts and values with the rise of such notable schools of arts and architectures as Bauhaus.
When the Great Depression occurred inflation went through the roof, further weakening governance and opening the door for radical elements to move in and take over - hence the rise of Hitler and the Nazis.Source(s): Peukert, Detlev J. K. (Richard Deveson, trans) - The Weimar Republic. New York: Hill and Wang: 1993