Anonymous
Anonymous asked in 政治及管治法律及道德 · 7 years ago

關於離婚多年之後申請增加贍養費的問題?

A先生和妻子已經正式離婚多年,兩人育有一子,離婚后兒子撫養權歸母親所有。最近A先生收到前妻要求大幅增加自己及同住兒子的贍養費。前妻有工作,每月大概薪金15000元。但她以需要兼顧家庭沒有升職幾會,也不會有加薪的機會了。而家中聘有工人,每月5000元,母親每月醫藥費又 需要5000元,即兒子需要讀各種課外興趣班每月額外開支7500元,(注:前妻要求自己由之前的2000元增加到8000元,兒子由之前的4500元增加到12000元。就是説現在要求贍養費大幅增加到總數為2万元。)以及以自己目前居住的單位面積過小,居住狹窄,要求騰空A先生居住的單位給她和兒子居住,且不會負責餘下房子的按揭還款,也就說A先生必須得繼續負責按揭供款。還有前妻聘有律師,且要求因此次訴訟所產生的所有費用需要A先生承擔。

A先生現時每月薪金將近4万元,(注:現時A先生每月固定給與前妻2000元及兒子4500元的贍養費,總共6500元。)有一間因當年前妻屬於破產人士而失去一半業權的房產(注:此房產目前還在按揭中。)除了現時市值大概20万的強積金之外,基本上並無儲蓄,除了次女購買有保險之外,自己並無購買保險。

A先生現時已有一穩定的同居女友及將近一嵗半的非婚生女兒。A先生和女友及女友和其前夫所生的一子一女,總共5口人基本上居住于女友的公屋單位,但不定時A先生會和女友及女兒會回去A先生擁有一半產權的單位短期居住(注:此單位另一半業權屬于破產處)。女友現時並無工作。

A先生本打算短期内和女友拉埋天窗,誰知讓前妻打亂所有的計劃。且A先生和女友正式結婚之後就必須負擔女友及女友兩名未成年在學子女的生活所需。

此案現時已經排期等候上庭中。請問:

1.前妻的要求是否合理?前妻的勝算機會有多大?

2.當年A先生和前妻以生死契約形式聯名擁有的居所,屬於前妻的部分現在已經屬於破產處,如今前妻是否還有權或有理据來爭奪屬於A先生的那另一半業權呢?或者說居住權呢?也就是說讓A先生搬走而給與她和兒子居住呢?

3.A先生現在也有一名將近一嵗半的女兒,但A先生多數時間都是和女友居住于女友的公屋單位,前妻會否以A先生長期丟空單位為名而要求法庭頒令給與她和兒子居住呢?

4.A先生是否一定需要聘請律師才行?但是A先生經濟並不寬裕,所以不想聘請律師,浪費金錢。

5.A先生是否同時向法庭要求不但不增加,反而要減少前妻的贍養費?

6.A先生是否可以要求因此次官司所衍生的所有費用均由前妻承擔?

7.A先生需要提交財務報表給法庭,該如何做才好?是否應該填寫和女友一起所負擔的金錢?

8.A先生是否要提交即將準備結婚和供養女友子女和剛剛出生不久的親生次女,面臨將來即將改變的經濟狀況?

9.如果A先生不聘請律師勝算的機會有多大?及A先生特別需要注意什麽?

問題實在太多,迫切希望有心人能夠一一解答!!萬分感謝!!!

Update:

感謝gary的回答,但是您多次提到的技巧能否詳細點解説呢?謝謝!!

Update 2:

萬分感謝gary 的建議,在下還有問題賜教!

你的意思是否建議A先生乘此機會向法庭申請取回兒子的監護權呢?

其實一直以來A先生都由此意,只是奈何當初能力有限,勝算不大所以放棄了。因爲離婚初期A先生每月薪金30080元,每月需要還IVA15500元,按揭樓款加管理費5300元,每月贍養費6500元、外加兒子的英文補習費每月800多元也是由A先生支付、及前妻另外要求的4萬多元。還有離婚時衍生的數萬元大額律師費等,根本就是日不敷支。所以A初期基本上都是需要依靠親朋慼友的借貸度日,且現在還在償還這些賒借的款項,也就是說A 現在還欠債數万元。

Update 3:

IVA還款現時已經結束,所以財政上略有喘息。

A先生最近才獲得增加薪金至接近4萬元,但是需要供養剛剛才出生不久的次女和女友,原本與女友短期内有結婚計劃。女友另外還有兩個未成年且在學的孩子,且女友沒有任何收入來源,(注:女友的前夫沒有給予分毫的贍養費。)婚後我必然也需要供養女友的兩個孩子,法庭會否接受我這種生活開支增加的解釋呢?

Update 4:

另如果A先生以及將結婚為由,同時提出不但不增加,反而減少支付前妻部分的贍養費,會否令到法官對A先生產生反感,從而起到反作用呢?(注:A先生本就有這打算,但是又嫌上法庭麻煩,而打消念頭,沒想到前妻先他一步提起訴訟。)

Update 5:

請問A先生是否可以和破產處協商在只有一半業權的情況下賣樓呢?具體實施步驟如何?A先生的前妻會否借機分一杯羹呢?如果果真如此,A先生最好在何種情形之下賣樓最爲合適呢?(注:因前妻曾經申請破產,此樓已被破產處釘契約。)

Update 6:

有人說法庭未必會接納因同居所產生的開支增加,建議A先生不如儘快結婚,實際的婚姻更能讓法庭易于接受解釋,是否如此呢?

Update 7:

另外A先生和前妻婚姻存續期間從無聘請工人照顧生活,其實前妻現在的傭工是前妻的姐姐出資聘請的,主責是照顧年紀老邁的母親,當然A先生沒有實證證明這些。

關於兒子爲何學習費用如此槃大,是因爲A先生前妻,除了在校學習課程之外,還不斷的為兒子報讀各種學習以外的課程,比如鋼琴、游泳、長笛、畫畫、數學精英班(奧數)2項、英文(2項)等等,所以兒子星期六及日節目幾乎都編排的滿滿的,幾乎沒有剩餘時間。(注:兒子今年10歲,讀小學五年級。)

Update 8:

問題實在多多,抱歉!但不知這些細節問題對A先生的訴訟有否幫助呢?

1 Answer

Rating
  • Gary
    Lv 7
    7 years ago
    Favorite Answer

    1. Most of the cases, no. Except for child support, no much (The issue with child support is the only issue that has merit in the court.)

    2. For the ownership, no (as soon as the Official Receiver claimed that portion, it is a matter between the remaining owner and the Official Receiver).

    For the right to reside, unless you own the property (or authorized by the owner), no one has any rights to live in a property. A court can't force a person to move out to accommodate someone else, unless in mutual agreements. For example, if the court requires Mr. A to pay the rent, then Mr. A, with the approval of the court, to provide reasonable accommodation in replacement of the rent.

    3. No - unless Mr. A elects to do so. The property belongs to Mr. A (and with custody with the Official Receiver). Unless there is anything to suggest that Mr. A can no longer own the property (such as indebtedness), the court can't take away Mr. A's right as owner of the property.

    4. Not necessary, as there are a lot of issues that are meritless in the court. However, Mr. A must need to know some skills to survive this mess.

    5. Yes if the situation warrants.

    6. Yes.

    7. Report as accurate as possible.

    8. Mr. A can present, but the court is not obligated to listen (as they are future events).

    9. A judge (or magistrate) is not stupid. Even Mr. A does not contest, it does not mean the court will grant everything Mr. A's ex-wife asks for.

    What he is is some skills in communication (In reality, a lot of things about law is about communication).

    2013-01-19 10:34:00 補充:

    They are easy as it sounds, but they are not easy to be achieved.

    1. No contact with the ex-wife at all. All contacts (even visitation) must go through her lawyer.

    2. In respect of contacting your ex-wife's lawyer, everything has to be done in writing (so that you can keep a record).

    2013-01-19 10:36:59 補充:

    3. Request a itemized listing for the increase in alimony and child support.

    4. Consider an option for revision of visition rights and custody.

    2013-01-19 10:43:28 補充:

    Your weakest issue is child support, which you are obligated to pay. However, if you have the child's custody, then your ex-wife will be the one paying you. Beside - $7500 for extracurrular activities? I have a hard to believe that amount. Tutoring does not cost that much per month.

    2013-01-19 10:44:31 補充:

    Beside - instead of a fixed increase, you can tell the court that you are willing to do reimbrusement instead of a fixed payment for those extracurrular activities.

    2013-01-19 10:47:53 補充:

    For alimony, there is simple. Alimony covers your ex-wife, not her mother.

    Beside $5000 for medical? Hospital Authority please.

    In my opinion, the court will have difficulty to believe that rather than the court will ask you for explanation.

    2013-01-19 16:13:50 補充:

    Actually - it does.

    When the court determines custody, the court make the decision based on the best interest of the child.

    As a child, haivng interest to extracurrulat activities is good. But it does not mean the child is happy and those activities may not help the child at all.

    2013-01-19 16:17:48 補充:

    As a fact, a lot of news articles report that somehow extracurricular activities may not as effective for top secondary school admission.

    I don't think the court will agree all these activities. Somehow the court may find these excessive.

    2013-01-19 16:19:18 補充:

    However - as you are currently supporting 3 children, I don't the court will gain you any of the custody (but the court may authorize more visitations).

    Asking for the custody is simply a tactic to scare off the ex-wife, in your case at most.

    2013-01-19 16:22:19 補充:

    For the property issue, I will suggest you contact the Official Receiver to seek their position in writing. Regardless of the lawsuit, it is a matter you will have to deal with eventually. In that case, you can have something to show the court that property is no longer relate to the ex-wife.

    2013-01-19 16:22:54 補充:

    Also, you will know if you want to keep it, what is the price you need to pay?

    2013-01-19 16:25:33 補充:

    At this moment - you should not jump to the conclusion for everything.

    Due to limitation of my response by Yahoo and the extend of your question, please send me a private message here (with your phone number) so that I can address your issue properly.

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