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驚驚 asked in 社會與文化語言 · 8 years ago

中高級英文問題

請問英文達人們

以下三句......??

1.The needs of such kids for something to do prompted physical education

instructor Chen Cheng-bo to found the KSES Little League baseball team in 2002.

The needs of such kids for something to do的for something指的是甚麼意思???

2.The ability of the KSES team to go from start-up to world fame in just 10 years is truly a remarkable achievement

請問

1.to go是指什麼意思???為何是用不定詞???

2.fame 等於 the state of being famous嗎???

3.it’s all about pure love of the sport, 請問t’s all about 是什麼意思???

2 Answers

Rating
  • 8 years ago
    Favorite Answer

    介係詞片語 "of ~" 一般只是形容詞,指 「某某人、或某某事物的」。 在複雜的句子中,可以不要看,比較容易了解:

    1.The needs (of such kids) for something to do prompted physical education instructor Chen Cheng-bo to found the KSES Little League baseball team in 2002.

    將 of such kids 「那些孩子們的」 淡掉之後, 主詞很明顯就是 The needs for something to do ── 「必需有些事情來做」。

    英語 "the need for ~" 的意思就是 「有 ~ 的需求」。 這裡用 for something to do,就是指「有找些事情來做」 的需求。 整句意思是: 必須找些事給孩子們做的需求讓體育教師 Chen Cheng-bo 在 2002 年建立了 KSES 少棒隊。

    2.The ability (of the KSES team) to go from start-up to world fame in just 10 years is truly a remarkable achievement

    [1.to go是指什麼意思???為何是用不定詞???]

    把 of the KSES team 淡掉,明顯看出主詞是 The ability to go from .... to.....,所以 to go from .... to ..... 是當形容詞修飾 ability 的不定詞片語,表示 「從..... 一路變成 .... 的」 能力。

    這裡是說,這個 KSES 少棒隊在十年之內,一路由沒沒無聞的新球隊,變成世界聞名的能力是很傑出的成就。

    [2.fame 等於 the state of being famous嗎???]

    就是出名,或聲名。 老式字典很喜歡用 the state of .... 來解釋抽象名詞。 所以你看到這個 the state of .... 就可以把它想成是名詞, 真正的意思在後面的動名詞片語 being famous 「出名」。

    [3.it’s all about pure love of the sport, 請問t’s all about 是什麼意思???]

    英語慣用語 be all about .... 字面意思是 「全然是.....」,含意是很熱衷、一心一意地....,例如:

    He is all about his job now.

    他現在只一心一意在乎他的工作。

    意思是他吃飯睡覺想的,平常談的都是他的工作。 同樣:

    it's all about pure love of the sport

    那是對這項運動全心全意純稚的熱愛

    2013-01-20 00:30:08 補充:

    不是受詞補語。 這裡的 to = in order to 「為了」,是不定詞片語當副詞表示做某動作的目的。

    ..... unable to juggle schedules to be with their children after school

    = ..... unable to juggle schedules IN ORDER TO be with their children....

    意思是「無法調整作息,好在課後陪小孩」。

    你若是把它看成分詞 being 或受詞補語,那就是把它當成是形容詞,形容 schedules 了。 就變成「課後陪小孩的」作息表,作息表怎能陪小孩?

    2013-01-20 00:35:17 補充:

    所以 to be with 意思上的主詞不是 schedule,不是當 schedule 的補語。

    to be with their children 意思上的主詞是 parents。 家長「為了課後陪小孩」而 juggle schedules,所以這個 to be with.... 的不定詞片語是副詞,修飾家長所做的動作 juggle schedules,不能改成 being。

    2013-01-20 13:16:25 補充:

    這是因為 prompt 的關係。

    英語慣用語 「prompt 某人 to do 某事」 意思是 「讓某人決定要做某件事」,這是固定的說法。

    2013-01-25 00:36:18 補充:

    所謂形容詞、副詞都只是文法名詞而已。 語言是先有語意,然後從語意歸納出某些字詞的用法,按照它們彼此的關係,稱為某某詞。 能使名詞的性質更明確的,稱為形容詞。 能使動詞、形容詞等更能表示程度、目的、時間的,稱為副詞。這樣而已。

    所以要判斷一個不定詞片語是形容詞還是副詞,從意思上就看得出來,用中文來做例子也可以:

    我用一把掃帚來掃地。

    這個「來掃地」是表示用掃帚來幹嘛,這是用掃帚的目的,不是在講什麼性質的掃帚。所以是副詞。 直接翻譯成英文:

    I used a broom to sweep the floor.

    2013-01-25 00:39:43 補充:

    to sweep the floor 是副詞,表示目的。這是 「use 某東西 to 如何」的句型,就是你的第二句 used (certain learning tricks) to (help them memorize things) 的句型。所以 to help.... 是副詞。

    A broom to sweep the floor is different from the broom a witch uses.

    用來掃地的掃帚跟巫婆所用的掃把是不同的。

    這裡「用來掃地的」,是表示那把普通掃帚的性質,不是某人做動作的目的,所以to sweep the floor 是形容詞。

    2013-01-25 00:40:49 補充:

    回頭看你的第一句,從語意上來看,那個解釋比較合理?

    You can always find a gift to express exactly what you want to say

    為了精確表達你要說的話,你總能找到禮物。

    你總能找到 可以精確表達你心意的 禮物。

    我想第二個意思是說話者要表達的,所以 to express..... 這個不定詞片語是形容詞。表示你能找到「這樣的」禮物。

    2013-01-25 00:48:34 補充:

    至於 where 的問題, where 是表示一種地點、一種情境。 在那個地點「上」或那個情境「中」如何如何,所以經常說 where = in which (或 at which、 on which),有一個表示「上」、「中」、「在」的介係詞。

    This is where.... 的 this,在這裡是指一項比賽,比賽是一種 event 「活動」,所以可以用兩句話,把話全部講清楚,說明白:

    This is an event.

    In the event mental athletes ......

    2013-01-25 00:53:36 補充:

    那當然也可以用關係代名詞,連成一句:

    This is an event in which mental athletes.........

    也可以說:

    This is an event where mental athletes .........

    或者剛脆把 an event 省了,畢竟 an event 就是 this 嘛:

    This is where mental athletes .....

    2013-01-25 01:00:04 補充:

    你如果想用 an event that, 那沒了 in,它就不是副詞了喔。

    that 是關係代名詞,可以取代 which, 那 an event that = an event which, 可是我們知道本來的句意是 in the event 如何如何,用 which 代替 an event 變成 in which,現在用只用 that,那 in 就丟掉了。所以不可以這樣用。

    並且,就算是把 in 加進來, an event in that 也不行,因為介係詞後面的關代不能用 that,所以這裡無論如何,都是不能用 that 的。

    2013-01-26 01:01:35 補充:

    She established her fame as an actress.

    告訴我,你認為這句的意思是什麼? 然後告訴我,根據你對這句話意思的理解,為什麼你會認為 as an actress 是修飾 established。 這樣我才知道你在想什麼。

    2013-01-26 14:13:45 補充:

    我明白你問題出在哪裡了。不知是哪本字典誤導你 established as 的意思。你不覺得「立足她的聲譽於演員」是不太通順的中文,有點不知所云嗎?

    establish ~ as ~ 意思是「建立了某種為人所知的身分」。

    這裡 established 只是普通的過去式, established her fame as an actress 是「建立了她作為女演員的聲譽」表示她演技好,讓大家都承認她是很好的女演員。所以 as an actress 是形容詞,表示她建立了「作為一個女演員的」聲譽。

    學英語,查好的辭典是很重要的。朗文、牛津、韋氏應該都查得到這個用法。

    2013-02-16 00:23:43 補充:

    great joy 是「極大的快感」,joy 是名詞。 在查一下字典。

    having a hard time (in) doing something。 這裡是省略介係詞 in。 像這類做某某事有「問題」、有「困難」、有「樂趣」等,通常都是 「問題、困難、樂趣 + in doing 某件事」,in 經常省略。例如:

    I have a problem (in) watching videos.

    我有問題,無法看影片。

    There's great fun (in) watching plants grow.

    看植物成長非常好玩。

    2013-02-16 00:31:00 補充:

    不定詞片語 to...,如果和 problem 一起用,會有「要....」、「來....」的意思,帶點未來必須做的意味。例如:

    I have a big problem to solve.

    我有個大問題要解決。

    比較這句:

    I have a big problem trying to solve the equation.

    我在試著解這個等式時,遇到了大問題。

    2013-02-24 23:27:48 補充:

    這屬於間接問句的一種。間接問句之所以重要,是因為直接疑問和間接疑問的動詞位置、助動詞、時式、時間片語等表達方式會有所改變。你如果查文法書,查間接引句、間接問句的章節就會有說明。

    The police are trying to find out who was involved in the break-in.

    這裡 who 就是疑問句的主詞。原問句是:

    Who was involved in the break-in?

    哪個人涉及了這個闖入事件?

    was involved 的主詞就是 who。 所以你問的句子是沒問題的。

  • 8 years ago

    請問大師

    The parents who have left their hometowms to come here for work are often unable to juggle schedules to be with their children after school

    請問to be with their children after school

    為何不可寫成being with their children after school???

    to be with their children after school算是受詞補語對吧??

    2013-01-20 12:04:00 補充:

    請問大師

    The needs of such kids for something to do prompted physical education

    instructor Chen Cheng-bo to found the KSES Little League baseball team in 2002.

    Chen Cheng-bo to found為何不可寫成Chen Cheng-bo founding???

    2013-01-20 19:23:24 補充:

    大師感謝您

    我想跟你學英文

    2013-01-23 19:04:58 補充:

    請大師此句:

    The creme de la creme(法語:精華) of the World Memory Championships, though, is speed cards.

    This is where mental athletes race against the clock to memorize the order of 52 playing cards

    This is where mental athletes..... 竟然用where 且也等於 event in which, 為何不是event that???

    2013-01-24 17:18:59 補充:

    請教LionEnglish大師此兩句

    1.You can always find a gift to express exactly what you want to say

    2.They are ordinary people that have learned how to use certain learning

    tricks to help them remember things

    第一句的to express exactly what you want to say是形容詞

    第二句to help them remember things是副詞表目的

    2013-01-24 17:22:43 補充:

    請問要如何分辨to + V表目的還是形容詞呢???

    因第二句to help them remember things覺得可以寫成

    which help them remember things來修飾tricks

    2013-01-25 23:32:42 補充:

    請教LionEnglish大師此句

    She established her fame as an actress.

    as an actress是修飾established而非fame對吧???

    2013-01-26 09:59:05 補充:

    因為established as 是"立足於"

    She established her fame as an actress

    翻譯:她立足她的聲譽於演員

    所以as an actress 是介係詞當副詞修飾 established

    我是這麼想的

    2013-01-26 15:58:39 補充:

    感謝大師指導

    小弟觀念慢慢清楚了

    2013-02-15 23:36:58 補充:

    請問ionEnglish大師此句

    1.There’s always great joy in achieving a difficult task.The more difficult the task is, the sweeter the taste of success will be

    There’s always great joy in achieving a difficult task

    為何有二動詞 is, joy??? 因我查字典joy 算是不及物動詞

    2013-02-15 23:38:17 補充:

    2.Whenever we are having a hard time doing something, we should not be afraid to endure the pain

    having a hard time doing something

    為何不是 having a hard time to do something???

    2013-02-24 11:42:21 補充:

    請問LionEnglish 大師

    The manager tries to find out what the problem is

    what the problem is這是疑問詞開頭的名詞子句

    那下面這句

    The police are trying to find out who was involved in the break in

    who was involved in the break in雖然是疑問詞開頭但算是疑問句(非名詞子句,因缺主詞)對吧

    附屬子句怎麼可以用疑問句呢???

    "orz

    2013-10-23 21:55:07 補充:

    LionEnglish 大師您好

    想把此句背後所隱藏的字還原

    Soong spokesperson Yen Jung-chang said yesterday that the many other accounts Soong is supposed to have opened in his own name were for relative small amounts—ten or twenty thousand NT dollars

    many other accounts(that) Soong is supposed to.....

    中間是否少了that??

    2013-10-23 21:55:45 補充:

    少的原因是否當have opened的受詞呢??

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