1) Why was Jesus crucified?
"And they began to accuse him, saying, "We have found this man subverting our nation. He opposes payment of taxes to Caesar and claims to be Christ, a king."
- Luke 23:2
The charge of claiming to be a king, Jesus himself said... "My kingdom is not of this world." - John 18:36
There are a few criminal charges made against Jesus by the Romans ... however, according to the gospels, the main charge against Jesus was that he claimed to be the king of the Jews.
The religious answer is that Jesus was crucified to save our souls. His death was the ultimate sacrifice that made a bond between God and us. We can now pray directly to God for forgiveness of our daily sins.
2) Where was Jesus crucified?
The precise location of the crucifixion remains a matter of conjecture, but the biblical accounts indicate that it was outside the city walls,[Jn. 19:20] [Heb. 13:12] accessible to passers-by[Mt. 27:39] [Mk. 15:21,29-30] and observable from some distance away.[Mk. 15:40] Eusebius identified its location only as being north of Mount Zion, which is consistent with the two most popularly suggested sites of modern times.
Calvary as an English name for the place is derived from the Latin word for skull (calvaria), which is used in the Vulgate translation of "place of a skull", the explanation given in all four Gospels of the Aramaic word Gûlgaltâ which was the name of the place where Jesus was crucified.
Short Answer: no one knows the exact place, it's only speculated
3) Who ruled that place when Jesus was crucified. Did the ruler of the place worshiped any other God when Jesus was worshiped??
Pontius Pilate (who ruled AD 26–36), he was the fifth Prefect of the Roman province of Judaea.
He most likely was a pagan who believed in the Roman pantheon.
4) Who wrote bible?
There are several authors of the Bible. It was written over many generations but is considered to be the word of God.
5) What's the land of egypt connection in bible?
That passage refers to the Exodus out of Egypt lead by Moses. The Jews were prisoners of the Egyptians - slaves to build. With God, Moses brought on the 12 plagues that eventually lead to Pharaoh freeing them. Pharaoh persuade them to the dead sea where Moses (by commandment of God) divided the Red Sea for the people to exit the land of Egypt and evade Pharaoh and his army.
This is known as "The Exodus"