yuki asked in 社會與文化語言 · 8 years ago

英文問題who. whom

The man _____ I work with had a car accident last night.

請問要填哪個答案

(A)who

(B)whom

可以ㄉ話附上詳解

謝謝喔:)

3 Answers

Rating
  • 羅莉
    Lv 7
    8 years ago
    Favorite Answer

    The man _____ I work with had a car accident last night.

    請問要填哪個答案

    (A)who

    (B)whom

    關代用主格who或受格whom, 在傳統文法中是看它在關係子句中是擔任主詞或是受詞來決定, 就本題而言:

    The man _____ I work with had a car accident last night.

    跟我一起工作的那個人昨晚出了車禍.

    主句是黃底色部份, 關係子句是紅字部份.

    明顯的, 空格是with的受詞, 應填受格關代whom.

    不過, 現代美語的關代主受格用法已有改變, 只要關代前面不是介系詞, 可以一律用主格who; 所以本題的空格填who或whom都是正確的; 但如把with移到空格前面, 則

    只能填whom:

    The man who I work with had a car accident last night.

    = The man with whom I work had a car accident last night.

    因此, 這樣的題目不會把who與whom同時列入選項的, 否則應一律給分, 版主請放心吧!

    2012-12-31 10:26:16 補充:

    如果只以傳統文法來理解這個問題恐怕是不夠的, 因為無法解決太多句子中擔任受詞的關代卻用主格who的困惑.

    2012-12-31 13:18:06 補充:

    多數大眾的習慣用法就是正確用法, 文法自然會去解釋它.

    這句用who或省略關代已是美語的主流用法, 沒有文法不正確的問題.

    Source(s): 羅莉 + 英文文法
  • 8 years ago

    who

    因為前面是人名

  • Anonymous
    8 years ago

    Who/whom

    who-主詞代名詞,whom-賓詞代名詞

    (1)The man whom I work with had a car accident last night.

    句子內意思是I work with the man.-- the man是object賓詞,所以用whom。

    換個寫法:(2)The man who works with me had a car accident last night.

    句子內意思是The man works with me.-- the man是subject主詞,所以用who。

    2012-12-31 13:02:28 補充:

    The man I work with had a car accident last night.的說法是較流暢自然的。

    The man who I work with had a car accident last night.雖是口語化(colloquial)說法,但文化不完全正確。

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