Poland and Czech republic do not share common, modern, religious history. Each nation developed own religious institutions and structure;l therefore, have different attachment to it. Czechs through history identified religious institutions and organized faith as a problem to the development of their country, and consider it as the main oppressor of the common people. In Poland, catholic church was seen as a necessary tool for a national survival against Prussia and Russia. Church became a part of the national identity and culture. Czechs came to exactly opposite conclusion due Protestant Reformation known in Bohemia and Moravia as a Hussite Revolution, and believe that the church posses a danger to the civic independence. John Huss (+1415) said that the church will without shame steal last penny from a poor widow, and deny her rites on a deathbed. The Czech society saw a church as a road robber and thief, and did was inherited into modern society. People would not spent money on religion because they think that it could be spent better=> for themselves. Czechs or Hungarians also faced genocides (Mongol invasion or Four Crusades against Bohemians), but in both countries people will say when the times were bad, the Lord was nowhere to find, and when times are good, he was not there either to help. While Czechs are religiously indifferent, there is also known saying from Czech fictional character, Jara Cimrman: “I’m such an unconditional atheist that I’m afraid God will punish me.”
Poland is unusually religious country within the Central Europe, because it never experienced opposition to the church hierarchy in its history. It did not had reformers or rulers that would challenge church's power as was the case in Germany, France, Bohemia, Hungary, or Lower countries. Polish culture, language, education, and social institutions were integrated with a church and this association became a part of the nationhood. Similar bonds are also find in Romania, Ireland, Serbia, or Greece. Younger Polish generation is increasingly indifferent toward faith, and will eventually follow a development of the other countries around. Anna Grodsky became a first transsexual elected into Sejm. During my last visit in Poland, I noticed that only elderly people were attending church services.