promotion image of download ymail app
Promoted
小b asked in 社會與文化語言 · 7 years ago

any不能放句首嗎?

_____ difficulty you are facing, don’t despair. Every cloud has a silver lining

1Any

2Whatever

answer is 2

請問一下為什麼1 不行

4 Answers

Rating
  • 羅莉
    Lv 7
    7 years ago
    Favorite Answer

    樓上的說明雖沒錯, 但恐沒有說到重點.

    _____ difficulty you are facing, don’t despair. Every cloud has a silver lining

    1Any

    2Whatever

    正解: 2. Whatever

    本句使用Any或Whatever的主要差別不在於語意, 而在於文法.

    despair是不及物動詞, 不可逕接受詞, 搭配of才可有受詞.

    "Any difficulty you are facing"是一個帶有修飾子句的名詞, 孤零零掛在逗號前面, 既不能作為後面despair的受詞, 又不能作為獨立副詞片語, 所以這樣的結構是錯誤的.

    要用Any的話, 句首要加介系詞Of, 與後面的despair形成呼應連結:

    Of any difficulty (that) you are facing, don’t despair.

    = Don't despair of any difficulty (that) you are facing.

    這樣的文法結構才正確.

    Whatever = No matter what

    Whatever是複合關代, 如後有名詞Whatever就是複合關形, 具有附屬連接詞功能, 可帶領子句作為副詞性質:

    Whatever difficulty you are facing, don’t despair.

    = No matter what difficulty you are facing, don’t despair.

    = Don't despair no matter what difficulty you are facing.

    Whatever或No matter what帶領附屬的副詞子句, 修飾主句Don't despair, 文法結構完全正確, 故為正解.

    類似用法的複合關代或關副還有:

    whoever = no matter who

    whomever = no matter whom

    whichever = no matter which

    wherever = no metter when

    whenever = no matter when

    however = no matter how

    弄清楚這些複合關代或關副, 這類句子就可融會貫通了.

    2012-12-25 10:27:26 補充:

    any放在句首是很常見的, 但本句不行, 因不合文法.

    Any置首舉例:

    Any question?

    Any person who has a ticket can enter.

    Any student in this room can play the piano.

    Source(s): 羅莉 - 英文文法
    • Commenter avatarLogin to reply the answers
  • 7 years ago

    http://tw.knowledge.yahoo.com/question/question?qi...

    麻煩有空的大大幫我看一下這題

    • Commenter avatarLogin to reply the answers
  • Anonymous
    7 years ago

    Any boy can do this.

    • Commenter avatarLogin to reply the answers
  • 7 years ago

    不是在於 any 可不可以放在句首的原因

    any 當然也可以放在句首, 只是要看句子的意思

    在此題:

    _____ difficulty you are facing, don’t despair. Every cloud has a silver lining.

    1. Any 2. Whatever

    > 答案是 2 的原因是因為此前句的意思為:

    "不管"你面對到什麼艱難, 不要絕望.

    而不是用 "任何"

    而且 whatever 也是 "關係子句" 用來連接相關的句子.

    希望可以幫助你 :)))

    Source(s): 自己 :)
    • Commenter avatarLogin to reply the answers
Still have questions? Get your answers by asking now.