Physics Problem 2 Wheels rolling without slipping?
The two wheels shown below are connected by a conveyor belt which turns without slipping around both wheels. Wheel one has a radius of 2.00 meters while wheel two has a radius of 3.00 meters. Wheel one accelerates at 0.300 revolutions per second squared for 20.0 seconds from an initial angular speed of 1.00 radians per second.
-Determine the final angular speed of wheel one.
-Determine the angle wheel one turned through during the twenty second period.
-Determine the speed of the conveyor belt at the end of the twenty seconds.
-Determine the angular speed of wheel two at the end of the twenty seconds.
Here's a picture:
I understand the first two questions, but its the last two that throw me for a loop. (no pun intended)
- WoodsmanLv 78 years agoFavorite Answer
Throw me for a loop. HA! You're killin' me.
ω = ωo + αt = 1rad/s + 0.3rev/s² * 2πrad/rev * 20s = 38.7 rad/s after 20 s. ← (a)
Then the linear speed of the belt is (equal to the tangential speed of the wheel, which is)
v = ωr = 38.7rad/s * 2m = 77.4 m/s ← (c)
Θ = Θo + ωo*t + ½αt² = 0 + 1rad/s * 20s + ½ * (0.3*2πrad/s) * (20s)² = 397 rads ← (b)
Given the linear speed of the belt, then wheel 2's angular speed is
ω = v / r = 77.4m/s / 3m = 258 rad/s ← (d)
barring computational error.
(EDIT: I misread the acceleration as 3rev/s² on first run-through.)
- holecekLv 44 years ago
Kinetic power = a million/2mv^2 (0.5 mass circumstances velocity squared) fifty 5 = a million/2m(3.2^2) a hundred and ten = 10.24m m = 10.74kg Circumference of circle = 2(pi)r (r=radius in metres) 2(pi)(0.09) = 0.565m If it travels 3.2metres in step with 2d then in 5 seconds it travels 16m So sixteen/0.565 = 28.3 revolutions