驚驚 asked in 社會與文化語言 · 7 years ago

初中級文法問題

請問先輩們,因小弟剛剛念完一篇初中級英語雜誌,有下列問題請教

1. she works as an interpreter in that company

請問此as an interpreter 是當副詞修飾動詞works對吧???

The old woman was dressed as a young lady

as a young lady也是同樣道理???

2. I was ashamed of my bad behavior as a teenager

as a teenager是當形容詞修是名詞behavior對吧??

The students were motivated to do better as a result of their teacher's passion

and devotion

翻譯:因為老師的熱情與奉獻,激勵學生們做的更好

as a result of .....這as是連接詞當因為解釋,此句動詞只有一個were為何需要as

這連接詞??

3. To run a prosperous business, you should be devoted to your job first and foremost

To run a....是表目的,所以不能改成Running對吧???

4.How did your parents react to your being pregnant?

此句為何不能寫成 your to be pregnant??

5.Increasing pollution levels are a serious health hazard to the locals

2這是動名詞當主詞,為何動詞是用are,而不是is???

6.The boundaries of human knowledge are forever being extended

are forever being extended 應該是表被動進行式吧??

謝謝~!!

3 Answers

Rating
  • 7 years ago
    Best Answer

    1. she works as an interpreter in that company

    錯。as為介係詞,和work搭配,整句譯為「它在那家公司當口譯員」

    這as譯為「當...(職業)」

    The old woman was dressed as a young lady

    as這也是介系詞,譯為「像」,整句: 那老女人扮的像小姑娘。

    2. I was ashamed of my bad behavior as a teenager

    也是介系詞,整句: 做為一位青年,我為我的行為感到可恥。

    The students were motivated to do better as a result of their teacher's passion

    and devotion

    翻譯:老師的熱情與奉獻激發了學生有更好的表現。

    as為副詞,as a result of固定用法=because of

    e.g.

    As always, he said little. 他和平時一樣,少言寡語。

    3. To run a prosperous business, you should be devoted to your job first and foremost

    To run a....是表目的,所以不能改成Running對吧???

    正確。這裡的To run前面省略in order

    In order to run a prosperous business, you should...

    發問者提到的「以running代替to V」是當主詞或補語的用法

    中學老師會教你說「兩個可互相替換」,事實上,兩者有些微差異。

    To + V…

    1. 還沒做過的事

    2. 某種意願或理想、目的、計畫

    e.g.

    1. To get jobs done is all I need to do now.

    2. To become a teacher is my dream.

    Ving…

    1. 經驗

    2. 已經做過的事情或普遍的概念

    1. Learning English is important for me.

    2. Taking a picture with movie stars made me excited.

    4.How did your parents react to your being pregnant?

    being pregnant為動名詞的概念,表示「懷孕的狀態」這個事實。

    動名詞可做動詞或名詞使用,接在your所有格後面合理。

    然而,不定詞沒有。

    不定詞僅使用於動作未達成、副詞表目的,而無名詞性質的使用。

    e.g.

    Do you mind my smoking here? 介意我在這抽根菸嗎?

    5.Increasing pollution levels are a serious health hazard to the locals

    你的懷疑正確,

    Increasing pollution levels為一件事,譯為「汙染程度的提升」,動詞應為is

    6.The boundaries of human knowledge are forever being extended

    Ans: 是的。

    2012-12-08 19:20:00 補充:

    感謝Louis提醒

    久久沒碰文法,所答都根據10幾年前國中學得記憶,還請求發問者原諒。

    2012-12-08 19:31:06 補充:

    感謝Louis糾正:

    第五題:

    increasing 為形容詞,修飾pollution levels

    攀升中的污染程度為當地民眾帶來健康危害。

    2012-12-08 19:33:22 補充:

    為第四題傳達錯誤知識道歉!

    請發問者參考

    http://www.wawawa.com.tw/grammar/infinitives.html

    **不過不定詞不可置所有格後。

    2012-12-08 19:34:51 補充:

    she works as an interpreter in that company

    The old woman was dressed as a young lady

    我覺得這兩句的as可以當介係詞片語當副詞來修飾動詞 works, dressed不是嗎??

    Ans: 是的。

    2012-12-08 19:36:09 補充:

    as可以當介係詞片語當形容詞來修飾名詞behavior不是嗎??

    I was ashamed of my bad behavior as a teenager (調前)

    = As a teenager, I was ashamed of my bad behavior.

    這裡是副詞,修飾後面整句。

    2012-12-08 22:44:32 補充:

    As I was a teenager, I was ashamed of my bad behavior. (X) 語意不通

    (解答補充說明)

    =As being a teenager, I was ashamed of my bad behavior(主詞同一人,故省略I)

    =As a teenager, I was ashamed of my bad behavior(去掉being)

    這兩句OK,這裡的as都解釋成「身為」。

    *今日意見額度快沒了,移至解答補充

    2012-12-08 22:49:44 補充:

    我畫X的那句,as為連接詞

    as當連接詞:

    1. 隨着

    As she grew older she gained in confidence. 隨著年齡增長,她的信心也增強了。

    2. 照…方式

    They did as I had asked. 他們是按照我的要求做的。

    3. 因為;由於

    As you were out, I left a message. 你不在,所以我留了一張字條兒。

    4. 正如;如同

    She's very tall, as is her mother. 她個子很高,和她母親一樣。

    2012-12-08 23:01:50 補充:

    5. 雖然

    Happy as they were, there was something missing.

    3.4.5可勉強帶入你的句子,但都不是和原句一樣意思「身為」

    He was a foreigner, as I knew from his accent

    She's very tall, as is her mother.

    是關代,which可代替as,修飾前面整句,as可調前,但which不可。

    As was expected, he was bitterly defeated in the game.

    as關代,修飾後面主要子句

    2012-12-09 12:44:30 補充:

    As的意思是"當.....時",為連接詞

    沒錯,as所表達的意義些許不同,但合理

    Source(s): coles
  • 7 years ago

    請問Louise大師, Coles

    she works as an interpreter in that company

    The old woman was dressed as a young lady

    我覺得這兩句的as可以當介係詞片語當副詞來修飾動詞 works, dressed不是嗎??

    2012-12-08 19:19:45 補充:

    I was ashamed of my bad behavior as a teenager

    as可以當介係詞片語當形容詞來修飾名詞behavior不是嗎??

    2012-12-08 19:49:44 補充:

    I was ashamed of my bad behavior as a teenager (調前)

    =As I was a teenager, I was ashamed of my bad behavior.

    =As being a teenager, I was ashamed of my bad behavior(主詞同一人,故省略I)

    =As a teenager, I was ashamed of my bad behavior(去掉being)

    是這樣沒錯吧??

    2012-12-08 20:05:15 補充:

    請問Coles與Louise大師

    He was a foreigner, as I knew from his accent

    這as是關係代名詞,先行詞是foreigner

    As was expected, he was bitterly defeated in the game

    那此句的先行詞是???as是關代唷!

    2012-12-09 11:06:30 補充:

    To Coles大大

    As的意思是"當.....時",為連接詞

    As I was a teenager意思是當我是青少年時

    所以我覺得以下應該是通順的

    I was ashamed of my bad behavior as a teenager

    =As I was a teenager, I was ashamed of my bad behavior.

    =As being a teenager, I was ashamed of my bad behavior

    =As a teenager, I was ashamed of my bad behavior

  • Louis
    Lv 7
    7 years ago

    1,不定詞可以當名詞用,只是不能接受your的限定。如:Do you want to go?裡的to go就是當動詞want的受詞,屬名詞性質。

    2. increasing pollution levels裡的increasing是當修飾語用的分詞(屬形容詞性質),後面的pollution levels是compound noun(複合名詞),所以動詞是跟這個複合名詞(複數)在變化。

    2012-12-08 19:02:01 補充:

    Coles的其它解說,本人認同。

Still have questions? Get your answers by asking now.