Ed
Lv 6
Ed asked in 社會與文化語言 · 7 years ago

主詞補語單複數問題

The second common trait is state-of-the-art components.

本句的主詞 trait 是單數。但是補語 components 卻是複數。

主詞與補語的單數、複數(為何)可以這樣不一致?

出處:http://www.nytimes.com/2012/12/06/technology/perso...

Update:

如果我們把主詞與補語位置對調,那麼動詞就要從 is 換成 are 了!

這樣的句子對嗎?

State-of-the-art components are the second common trait.

Update 2:

在網路上找到這一篇文章,對此問題的分析饒有趣味,可讀性很高,有興趣者不妨參閱之。

只是該文為簡體字版。

連結: http://tieba.baidu.com/p/428867133?pn=1

2 Answers

Rating
  • 7 years ago
    Favorite Answer

    本句的主詞 trait 是單數。但是補語 components 卻是複數。

    主詞與補語的單數、複數(為何)可以這樣不一致?

    Of course, it is allowed. If the trait refers to ONLY one component, then it will use singular. However, if it refers to several or many components, then it will use plural. After all, a computer has many components.

    Source(s): self
  • 呆子
    Lv 7
    7 years ago

    1.動詞的單、複數取決於主詞,另外二個主詞原則以最靠近動詞來決定

    2.本句翻譯是第二個特性是有很多藝術因子,雖然is二邊名詞是同位語原則上應一致,但可將state-of-the-art components視同集合名詞當整體為一,就不致混淆

    3.這問題很有創意,僅提供拙見就教-----

    2012-12-08 17:04:34 補充:

    State-of-the-art components are the second common trait.正確,隨主詞決定動詞的單、複數

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