World History Homework, please help!?

What might have been some of the differences in the Europeans and native Americans views of colonization ? ...

5 Answers

Relevance
  • ray
    Lv 4
    8 years ago
    Favorite Answer

    Good answer and information by Icabod in yahoo answers

    About 1000 CE, when Europeans first came to the Americas, they were few and not technologically superior to the Native Americans. At the end of a long supply line, they were unable to resist the attacks of the Native Americans and were thrown out. Centuries later they retuned with better arms and technologies.

    There was a huge technology gap between the two groups. The Native Americans were in the Neolithic Age and the Europeans were in the start of the Industrial Age. Much of the technology that the Europeans had was useful to the Native Americans. However, they did not have the means to produce these items. This meant that they either had to be dependent on the Europeans for the items or would have to radically change their lifestyle. The steel arrowhead was often traded far ahead of the limit of European contact. It quickly ended flintknapping, the making stone arrowheads. The gun accomplished something similar to the bow and arrow. Having a gun put the warrior on an even plane with the Europeans or provided a great advantage when fighting someone with a bow. Interestingly, even at the time of the Indian Wars, Native Americans preferred muzzle loaders that used black powder and lead shot. They were still unable to make an industrial base to reload brass bullets and remained dependent on European's for bullets.

    Culture was a reason. Consider warfare. Native Americans fought for many reasons: honor and status, wealth, and captives:

    Honor and Status: Many tribes would "count coup." This meant that one gained honor by being able to actually touch an enemy. Several tribes had elaborate systems to count coup. One could gain credit for first touching a foe. It also mattered if the foe was alive, wounded, or dead. In some cases, you could kill an enemy yet receive no credit. Those that claimed first, second, and further touches got the honors. For this reason, weapons that killed at a distance, such as a rifle, might not always be popular. Other tribes awarded feathers for valor in combat. The color, cuts, and the way it was worn told the same record as medals given to soldiers today. One youth "borrowed" the war bonnet of an elder. He went into battle, was captured, and then laughed at as he obviously had not earned the honors he was wearing.

    Wealth: When Native Americans got the horse, how many often was an indicator of a person's wealth and power. A warrior that wanted to marry often had to pay a "bride price" to the woman's family. Horses were very important in the exchange. This resulted in raids on other tribes to steal horses. Such raids also gave warriors the chance to gain honor and count coup.

    Captives: Captives could become brides, slaves, or even be adopted into the tribe. The film Dances With Wolves shows the experience of a white woman taken captive as a child. In Central America, the religious beliefs required many human sacrifices. Warfare to obtain captives was almost constant. Scalping, while supposedly introduced by the Europeans, was a symbolic way of bringing an enemy back to the tribe. Sometimes the scalp could be "adopted" into the tribe.

    As you can see, warfare differed greatly from that of the newcomers. There was no way that the Native Americans could change their culture (as shown by warfare) to match that of the Europeans.

    Concepts of land and leadership differed. Land wasn't seen as something that could be owned as a hose was. "Selling" land was for the most part as meaningful as selling air. It didn't make much sense. Europeans regarded the vast open spaces are ripe for farms and factories. They felt that they required "Living space."

    Chiefs weren't all-powerful. They were simply considered (not elected) the wisest or the best in an area. Having a chief "touch the pen," (sign a treaty) did not commit the rest of the tribe to the treaty. If you didn't like the terms of the treaty you just ignored it. Much the same applied to tribes. One generally had relatives in other bands. You could always move in with them if you didn't like the chief's policies

    There was history. Again and again in human interactions, when two cultures met one ended up dominating the other or changing the culture forever.

    http://answers.yahoo.com/question/index?qid=200812...

  • 8 years ago

    when Europeans first came to the Americas, they were few and not technologically superior to the Native Americans. At the end of a long supply line, they were unable to resist the attacks of the Native Americans and were thrown out. Centuries later they retuned with better arms and technologies.

    The Native Americans were in the Neolithic Age and the Europeans were in the start of the Industrial Age.

    Culture.

    .

    Wealth: When Native Americans got the horse, how many often was an indicator of a person's wealth and power. A warrior that wanted to marry often had to pay a "bride price" to the woman's family. Horses were very important in the exchange. This resulted in raids on other tribes to steal horses. Such raids also gave warriors the chance to gain honor and count coup.

    Captives: Captives could become brides, slaves, or even be adopted into the tribe. The film Dances With Wolves shows the experience of a white woman taken captive as a child. In Central America, the religious beliefs required many human sacrifices. Warfare to obtain captives was almost constant. Scalping, while supposedly introduced by the Europeans, was a symbolic way of bringing an enemy back to the tribe. Sometimes the scalp could be "adopted" into the tribe.

    Native Americans had little immunity to any of these imported diseases. The migration route into the Americas had been through arctic regions. The cold acted as a "filter" preventing some diseases from entering. During their thousands of years of isolation, the inhabitants of the Americas had avoided the disease that swept through the rest of the world. However, this also meant that they had no immunity, protection from these same illnesses.

  • 8 years ago

    Europeans:

    Large opportunity for finding gold and riches

    Plenty of land for farming and beginning a colony

    A small freedom from the king (religiously)

    Native Americans:

    Strangers on their land (intruding on land)

    Possibly forced to move some place else

    Destroying crops, scaring away game, bothering style of living, etc.

  • 4 years ago

    D domestication F farming G Greek Empire H Hellenistic Greece or Hypocrates (Greek medicine) or Herodotus sp? (Greek Historian) I Indiginous people J ok L M ycenaen Greece N omads O lympics P yramids of historical Egypt Sparta Z zues the God

  • How do you think about the answers? You can sign in to vote the answer.
  • 8 years ago

    Anything, laws, lifesytle, culture.

Still have questions? Get your answers by asking now.