可以幫忙翻譯嗎?因為一直翻不好(有關中心靜脈導管)

Infections related to intravascular devices are a common source of morbidity and mortality in hospitalized patients and in patients receiving intravenous therapy at home. The diagnosis should be made promptly to avoid the potentially lethal complications of device-related bacteremia, such as septic shock, phlebitis, and endocarditis. Management often requires catheter removal associated with antibiotic administration, although in selected cases in situ bacteriologic techniques allow the diagnosis of CBI and its conservative treatment with antibiotic locks. CBI is a preventable disease; therefore protocols for intravascular catheter care should be established in all institutions. Prevention is best provided when the two main routes of catheter contamination are taken into account: the skin at the catheter exit site and the hub. Accordingly,preventive strategies should aim at achieving consistent and permanent antiseptic barriers during catheter insertion, site maintenance,and hub handling. Because aseptic techniques for catheter manipulation are time-consuming and expensive, new technologies should aim at making intravascular devices more resistant to bacterial and fungal colonization.

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  • 7 years ago
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    血管内装置相关感染的发病率和死亡率住院的病人在接受静脉注射治疗的患者在家里有一个共同的来源。应及时诊断,以避免潜在的致死性并发症与设备相关的菌血症,感染性休克,静脉炎,心内膜炎等。管理与抗生素往往需要拔除尿管,虽然在某些情况下,在原位细菌学技术允许的诊断CBI及保守治疗用抗生素锁。 CBI是一种可以预防的疾病,因此协议,血管内导管的护理应建立在所有机构。预防的最佳时提供的导管污染的两个主要途径考虑:在导管出口处的皮肤和轮毂。因此,预防策略应着眼于实现一致的和永久的防腐导管插入过程中的障碍,网站维护和集线器处理。由于无菌导管操作技术是费时和昂贵的,新技术的目的应是使血管内装置的抗细菌和真菌。

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