孟遠 asked in 社會與文化語言 · 8 years ago

英文被動語態(20點)

我需要被動語態( be + p.p.)的所有文法

只要被動的

現在式

未來式

只要是被動語態的文法 我都需要 麻煩大大

只需要文法結構

例如這樣 未來式 ==> will + V ==> will + be+ Vp.p.

幫我全部列出來

謝謝

Update:

可以的話 盡量像這種 被動前面會有be動詞

這種基本知識告訴我

英文不是很好 麻煩大大

只要被動

3 Answers

Rating
  • 8 years ago
    Favorite Answer

    首先

    被動語態的基本組成架構 = beV + Vpp

    The cake was eaten by me

    被動語態表達一個很簡單的觀念:被動

    舉個例子- "智慧型手機能玩遊戲"

    大多初學者的翻譯是:

    A smart phone can play games

    抱歉! 全錯

    因為這就好笑了

    變成是智慧型手機,自己活過來了,可以自己玩遊戲

    所以

    應翻譯成

    A smart phone can be used to play games (by people)

    by people通常可省略

    雖然你不知道是被誰玩,但可以確定的是:一定是人

    有可能狗會玩嗎? 有可能貓會玩嗎?

    不可能 謝謝

    所以 Rice is grown every year.同理

    再來,轉換被動語態的方式 其實很簡單

    那我這邊介紹的則是"加法公式"1. 簡單式之被動語態  S + V .......................簡單式

    +)   beV + Vpp.........被動態

    ----------------------------------------------

     S + beV + Vpp (依時態 be動詞也會跟著不同

    The cake was eaten by me yesterday

    The cake is eaten by me every day.

    The report will be finished by me tomorrow.

    My classmate may be punished by my teacher.

    2. 進行式之被動語態  S + beV + Ving ..................進行式

    +)      beV + Vpp.........被動態

    ----------------------------------------------

     S + beV + being + Vpp

    The cake was being eaten by me.

    The card is being written by me.

    The TV will be being watched by me

    3. 完成式之被動語態  S + have/has + Vpp ..................進行式

    +)         beV + Vpp.........被動態

    ----------------------------------------------

     S + have/has + been + Vpp

    The cake has been eaten by me.

    That story had been read by my father many times.

    補充其他用法:

    1)

    happen, take place或occur 翻譯為"發生時"

    一律主動態 (所以你不會看到這動詞的主詞是人,而是物

    誤 The accident was happened yesterday

    正 The accident happened yesterday.

    2)

    感官動詞之被動語態 - 受詞被動

    感官動詞,受詞後面通常會接的是"受詞補語"

    講白了點,他的功能就是用來補充說明受詞用

    例 I saw the boy crying

     或 I saw the boy cry

    今天我要講的是被動態

    例 I saw a boy hit by a car

    直接用Vpp當補語即可

    然後要特別注意三態相同的動詞有哪些

    像是hit. hurt. cut等

    使役動詞被動 其實也很簡單

    例1 I have my car washed every day.

    例2 I got my hair done every day.

    3) 感官被動 - 主詞被動

    I saw him taking a shower 我看到他在洗澡

    所以,反過來講,就是"他被我看到在洗澡"

    He was seen to take a shower by me

    目前我聽到的版本,後面是接to V

    不過也有些版本後面可接Ving (這參考就好)

    4) 授與V被動

    因為授與動詞有兩個受詞,所以被動態也有兩種改法

    一個是人的受詞,一個是物的受詞

    例 I bought a watch for my son

    就像這句,"我買給我兒子一個手錶"

    你也可以說 "我兒子被買了一個手錶"

    = My son was bought a watch by me.

    也可以說 "手錶被我買給兒子"

    = A watch was bought by me for my son.

    2012-11-29 00:06:44 補充:

    順帶一提 兩個固定用法

    1) S + let + O + be Vpp

    She let her hair be cut.

    2) S + need to be Vpp

    My car needs to be washed

    = My car needs washing (我車需要""被洗"")

    比較: I need to do my homework (主動態)

    2012-11-29 00:09:59 補充:

    順帶一提

    I got my hair done every day.

    本句僅供參考,小弟舉的這例子有點爛

    2012-11-29 23:11:56 補充:

    不好意思啦 小弟回答得有點隨便的說

    不過 我還是會依舊列出來

    2012-11-29 23:14:15 補充:

    開頭-

    I ate the cake.

    =The cake was eaten "by me"

    People can use a smart phone to play games.

    =A smart phone can be used to play games (by people)

    People grow rice every year.

    = Rice is grown every year.

    2012-11-29 23:16:47 補充:

    簡單式

    I ate the cake yesterday.

    =The cake was eaten by me yesterday

    I eat the cake every day.

    =The cake is eaten by me every day.

    I will finish the report tomorrow.

    =The report will be finished by me tomorrow.

    My teacher may punish my classmate.

    =My classmate may be punished by my teacher.

    2012-11-29 23:19:37 補充:

    進行式

    I was eating the cake

    =The cake was being eaten by me.

    I am writing the card.

    =The card is being written by me.

    I will be watching TV.

    =The TV will be being watched by me

    2012-11-29 23:20:52 補充:

    完成式

    I have eaten the cake.

    =The cake has been eaten by me.

    My father had told that story many times

    That story had been read by my father many times.

    Source(s): 以上僅供參考,感恩! 若有問題或錯誤,請回報一下囉,到時我會補充於意見
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  • 羅莉
    Lv 7
    8 years ago

    語態(voice)與分詞(participle)有部份相同的概念

    一起講解無妨, 有益無害.

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  • Louis
    Lv 7
    8 years ago

    休斯里克的例子好像不屬於[動詞]的語態變化。而是verbals類。

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