中學英文~to跟for的用法

英文例句:It is important for me to win the contest!

It is importanr to drink enough water everyday!

英文單字important甚麼時候後面加to?

甚麼時候後面加for?

請板上各位英文達人賜教~謝謝!

4 Answers

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  • 傑克
    Lv 7
    8 years ago
    Favorite Answer

    important當形容詞用,有"重大的"、"重要的"的意思。

    當我們說一件事情很重要時(例如你說的每天喝足夠的水),

    我們可以寫說:

    Drinking enough water is important.這種情況不必加上to.

    也可以寫成:

    It is importanr to drink enough water everyday.

    只要開頭是It is 形容詞 ,這種句子都要加to

    意思就是:某某事情是很(形容詞)的。

    至於for的部分主要是用來對[人]

    It is important for me to win the contest.

    就是:贏得這場競賽對我來說是很重要的。

    但是如果你不要針對自己來說這句話,也可以單純寫為:

    It is important to win the contest,意指贏得這場比賽是很重要的。

    只有在對某人來說,某事情是很重要時,才必須要有for+(某人)的出現。

    不只是important,舉個例子hard(困難)

    學習英語是很困難的:

    Learning English is hard.就等於It is hard to learn English.

    學習英語對"約翰"來說是很困難的:

    It is hard for John to learn English.

    希望這樣有幫上你^^

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  • 羅莉
    Lv 7
    8 years ago

    非常讚賞Louis大師詳實的講解, 所以我把我的回答移到這裡:

    It is important for me to win the contest!

    It is important to drink enough water everyday!

    這兩句其實是完全相同的句型

    只是第一句為了語意需要而多加了for me, 意思是「對我(而言)」

    您也可以不加, 也可以改加for you, for him, for us, for them等來表達所需語意.

    同時在第二句同樣的位置您也可以加上它們之一.

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  • Louis
    Lv 7
    8 years ago

    通常important後面是用介系詞to,如:The matter is important to us!

    但在It is important for me to win the contest!有點不一樣。因為important是主詞補語,要表示不定詞的邏輯主詞是某人時,必須用介系詞for帶出來。

    It is ...這個句子的主詞it其實是虛的主詞,真正的主詞是不定詞片語to win the contest。因為英文有end-weight principle(尾重原則),長而複雜的文字放在句尾比較自然。

    但你把delayed subject(延遲的主詞)歸位後就會發現語意有點落差:

    To win the contest is important to me!(但用了to後,語意和原句有點不同:比賽得勝利就我個人而言,很重要,但郤不一定是我贏來的)

    因為原句It is important for me to win the contest! = I must win the contest!

    同理:It is important to drink enough water everyday!

    = To drink enough water everyday is important!

    因為是人人適用,是通則,所以就不必把for/to everybody寫出來了。

    但不定詞在邏輯上的主詞通常視[主詞補語]的不同,而以不同的介系詞帶出來。如:

    It is difficult for me to learn a second language.

    It is nice of you to visit me in the hospital.

    It is impossible for him to finish the work on time.

    It is foolish of you to do a thing like that.=You are foolish to do a thing like that.

    She is rich and doesn't work, so it is easy for her to travel.

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  • Shuang
    Lv 7
    8 years ago

    1. It is important for me to win the contest. 是 for + 人物;for + someone 是對人物說的,是介係詞 + 受格‧

    2. It is important to drink enough water everyday. 是 to + 事物;to + something 是對事物的,是 to + 直接受詞‧

    Source(s): me
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