are cranberries native to usa?

2 Answers

  • 7 years ago
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    History of Cranberries

    The cranberry, along with the blueberry and Concord grape, is one of North America's three native fruits that are commercially grown. Cranberries were first used by Native Americans, who discovered the wild berry's versatility as a food, fabric dye and healing agent. Today, cranberries are commercially grown throughout the northern part of the United States and are available in both fresh and processed forms.

    The name "cranberry" derives from the Pilgrim name for the fruit, "craneberry", so called because the small, pink blossoms that appear in the spring resemble the head and bill of a Sandhill crane. European settlers adopted the Native American uses for the fruit and found the berry a valuable bartering tool.

    American whalers and mariners carried cranberries on their voyages to prevent scurvy. In 1816, Captain Henry Hall became the first to successfully cultivate cranberries. By 1871, the first association of cranberry growers in the United States had formed, and now, U.S. farmers harvest approximately 40,000 acres of cranberries each year.

    Major Events in the History of Cranberry Production

    1550 Native Americans use cranberries for food, dyes and medicine

    1620 Pilgrims learn to use cranberries from the Native Americans

    1683 Cranberry juice made by settlers

    1816 Captain Henry Hall first cultivated cranberries in Dennis, Massachusetts

    1820's Cranberries shipped to Europe for sale

    1838 First record of ice sanding on bogs and flooding first used to control insects and prevent frost damage

    1843 Eli Howes cultivated Howes variety of cranberries in East Dennis, Massachusetts

    1845 "An Act for the Protection of Cranberries on Gay Head" put forth by Gay Head Indians on Martha's Vineyard, Massachusetts

    1847 Cyrus Cahoon cultivated Early Black variety of cranberries in Harwich, Massachusetts

    1850's First cranberry scoops used for harvest and water harvesting tried, but abandoned; sailors use cranberries to prevent scurvy at sea

    1854 First census of cranberry acreage - 197 acres in Barnstable County, MA.

    1856 The Cranberry and Its Culture published by Benjamin Eastwood

    1863 U. S. Department of Agriculture created Massachusetts Agricultural College (University of Massachusetts); Abraham Lincoln proclaims first national Thanksgiving

    1868 100 lb. barrel of cranberries sold for fifty-eight cents in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania

    1870's Six quart pail used as standard picking measure

    1887 Snap scoop invented for younger vines by Daniel Lumbert

    1888 Cape Cod Cranberry Growers' Association formed in Massachusetts

    1906 Henry J. Franklin began formal agricultural research on cranberries

    1907 First market cooperative founded, New England Cranberry Sales Company

    1910 Cranberry Experiment Station research facility established in Wareham, Massachusetts; Dr. Henry J. Franklin named first director; more efficient rocker scoop used

    1912 Hayden cranberry separator patented. First cranberry sauce marketed, Hanson, Massachusetts

    1920 Oscar Tervo invented first mechanical ride-on dry harvester known as Mathewson. Telephone frost warning system started

    1923 Bailey Separator patented to grade and separate cranberries by bouncing the berries

    1930 Ocean Spray Cranberries, Inc. formed as a grower owned marketing cooperative

    1947 Walk behind mechanical dry harvesters replaced hand scooping

    1953 First million barrel national crop

    1959 Cranberry scare causes industry market crash

    1960's First successful water harvesting; sprinkler systems installed on most bogs; cranberry products diversify and market expands

    1970's Integrated Pest Management programs developed

    1980's International markets developed for cranberries; demand for cranberry juice and juice blends rise dramatically

    1990's Diversified cranberry products become ingredients in other foods; global demand for cranberry products continues to grow; new plantings of cranberries increase in an attempt to meet growing demand; cranberry prices reach an historic high

    1997 An over supply of cranberries, plus other economic and business hurdles, cause a dramatic drop in cranberry prices, causing an economic uncertainty and a destabilizing of the cranberry industry

    2000's With cranberry supply better matching demand, cranberry prices begin to stabilize and the industry begins to return to profitability

    Source(s): LB
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  • JQuick
    Lv 7
    7 years ago

    They are native to North America, predating the formation of the United States.

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