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How did the United States and Soviet union shift the focus of the Cold War to the Third World?

1 Answer

  • Marcus
    Lv 5
    8 years ago
    Favorite Answer

    struggle for influence in the Third was safer then to annihilate each other, right? for HOW it was done - Soviet Union had an enourmous programm of development help to the Third World nations- starting from free Univercity education in USSR and scholarships to students from Third World countries to building hospitals, factories, power stations in Africa, Asia etc and ofcourse free weapons for them....

    Just one example for you to understand what it was: such gigantic constructions as Aswan Dam in Egipt was build by Russians - Power generation began in 1967. When the dam first reached peak output it produced around half of Egypt's entire electricity production (about 15 percent by 1998) and allowed most Egyptian villages to use electricity for the first time. The dams also protected Egypt from the droughts in 1972–1973 and 1983–1987 that devastated East and West Africa. The High Dam allowed Egypt to reclaim about 2 million feddan (840,000 hectares) in the Delta and along the Nile Valley, increasing the country's irrigated area by a third. The increase was brought about both by irrigating what used to be desert and by bringing under cultivation of 385,000 ha that were previously used as flood retention basins.[21] About half a million families were settled on these new lands. In particular the area under rice and sugar cane cultivation increased. In addition, about 1 million feddan (420,000 hectares), mostly in Upper Egypt, were converted from flood irrigation with only one crop per year to perennial irrigation allowing two or more crops per year. On other previously irrigated land, yields increased because water could be made available at critical low-flow periods. For example, wheat yields in Egypt tripled between 1952 and 1991 and better availability of water contributed to this increase. Most of the 32 km³ of freshwater, or almost 40 percent of the average flow of the Nile that were previously lost to the sea every year could be put to beneficial use. While about 10 km³ of the water saved is lost due to evaporation in Lake Nasser, the amount of water available for irrigation still increased by 22 km³.


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