莫莫 asked in 社會與文化語言 · 7 years ago

英文文法 that included

The data were classified into seven major categories, including affective barriers; habitudinal obstacles; information processing difficulties; English proficiency; strategy use and beliefs about listening, and the listening materials that learners presented with.

請問including可以用included 嗎?

請問最後的 the listening materials that learners presented with.

為什麼不用加were ? that learners "were" presented with.

4 Answers

Rating
  • 呆子
    Lv 7
    7 years ago
    Best Answer

    關於這個問題, 我的看法與樓上各位不同.

    1.首先需知道分號用法semicolon [ ; ] ,是協助將表列單字、片語、子句歸類There were persons from taipei, Taiwan; bangkok,Tailand ; tokyo, Japan.

    2.因為including係marginal preposition由主動詞變化而來當介繫詞用,其後以分號將名詞片語隔開,如affective barriers ; habitudinal obstacles ; information processing difficulties ;English proficiency ; strategy use and beliefs about listening , and the listening materials that learners presented with .

    3.the listening materials that learners presented with 因為配合文句對稱,所以轉換成名詞片語,還原原句為 learners presented with the listening materials.

    2012-11-15 09:19:41 補充:

    謝謝羅莉大師指導,我以謙虛的心情,繼續努力學習以補不足。

  • 羅莉
    Lv 7
    7 years ago

    The data were classified into seven major categories, including affective

    barriers; habitudinal obstacles; information processing difficulties;

    English proficiency; strategy use and beliefs about listening, and the

    listening materials that learners presented with.

    請問including可以用included 嗎?

    後面有受詞, 是主動語意的「包含」, 要用including xxx或 inclusive of

    xxx, xxx...;

    若是要表達某事物「包含在內」, 則用included置後, 意即xxx included,

    也可寫為xxx inclusive.

    請問最後的 the listening materials that learners presented with.

    為什麼不用加were ? that learners "were" presented with.

    關於這個問題, 我的看法與樓上兩位不同.

    present是及物動詞, 用法是:

    - present + 人 + with + 物

    - present + 物 + to + 人

    也就是說, 以人先當受詞時, 物只能作為with的受詞;

    若先提到物, 就要直接作為present的受詞, 不可加with.

    本句...and the listening materials that learners presented with

    1) 如果是「主動提供」, 關代that是受詞, 受詞為物, 直接作為presented的受

    詞, with是多餘的贅字;

    2)如果是「被提供」, 受詞為人, 才需要有with讓關代that作為其受詞.

    本句既然有with, 就屬於(2)語意, 正確應是were presented with, 版主質疑的對!

    或者採主動語意, 應刪除with.

    Source(s): 羅莉 - 英文文法
  • Louis
    Lv 7
    7 years ago

    including是介系詞,included是過去分詞當獨立分詞,兩者用法不同。

    All on the plane were lost, including the pilot.後面的介系詞片語including the pilot是介紹all的細目之一用的。與你提問的句子類似:七種主要分列分別為....

    Price $1.00, postage included.

    = Price $1.00, including postage.

    你的句子裡的categories包含了七項細目,太長太複雜,難以使用included。

    ... the listening materials that learners presented with.

    後面的子句是一個關係子句(形容詞子句)用來修飾先行詞listening materials,兰中的learners是主詞,presented是主要動詞(過去簡單式主動態),加上were就會讓動詞成為被動態,語意不對了。

  • rhody
    Lv 7
    7 years ago

    The data were classified into seven major categories, including affective barriers; habitudinal obstacles; information processing difficulties; English proficiency; strategy use and beliefs about listening, and the listening materials that learners presented with.

    請問including可以用included 嗎?用included 要放在名詞後(這裡有說明)

    The data were classified into seven major categories, affective barriers included; habitudinal obstacles; information processing difficulties; English proficiency; strategy use and beliefs about listening, and the listening materials that learners presented with.

    請問最後的 the listening materials that learners presented with.

    為什麼不用加were ? that learners "were" presented with.

    因為是learners主動presented,加were變成被動不對

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