The data were classified into seven major categories, including affective
barriers; habitudinal obstacles; information processing difficulties;
English proficiency; strategy use and beliefs about listening, and the
listening materials that learners presented with.
後面有受詞, 是主動語意的「包含」, 要用including xxx或 inclusive of
若是要表達某事物「包含在內」, 則用included置後, 意即xxx included,
請問最後的 the listening materials that learners presented with.
為什麼不用加were ? that learners "were" presented with.
- present + 人 + with + 物
- present + 物 + to + 人
也就是說, 以人先當受詞時, 物只能作為with的受詞;
若先提到物, 就要直接作為present的受詞, 不可加with.
本句...and the listening materials that learners presented with
1) 如果是「主動提供」, 關代that是受詞, 受詞為物, 直接作為presented的受
2)如果是「被提供」, 受詞為人, 才需要有with讓關代that作為其受詞.
本句既然有with, 就屬於(2)語意, 正確應是were presented with, 版主質疑的對!