2 Ultimately we must get a handle on those issue as well, or a creature that outlived the dinosaurs will meet its end at the hands of humans, leaving our descendants to wonder how a creature so ugly could have won so much affection.
為什麼這裡to wonder 當our descendant 的補語
our descendants是分詞leaving的受詞，不定詞片語to wonder how a creature so ugly could have won so much affection是受詞補語。因為沒有受詞補語，分詞片語leaving our descendants的語意不全。
Why wonder 當how 引導的賓語從句
how a creature so ugly could have won so much affection是名詞子句，當作不定詞to wonder的受詞（受詞又稱賓語，附屬子句又稱從句）。
3 With the dollar slumping to a 26-year low against the pound, already-expensive London has become quite unaffordable.
為什麼with the dollar slumping to 是adv表原因
with the dollar slumpint to 26-year low against the pound是介系詞片語，用來修飾述部has become quite unaffordable，屬於副詞性質，所以可以移到句首，加上逗號，表示之所以會... unaffordable的原因。
8 As a visiting professor at the Harvard business school in 1989, he ended his work there disgusted with his students’ overwhelming lust for money.
為什麼disgusted wise 可當adv 表隨形
(being) disgusted with his students' overwhelming lust gor money是分詞構句，用來修飾部ended his work there，屬副詞性質，表示結束工作的原因。
10 This isn’t the stuff of gloomy philosophical contemplations , but a fact of Europe’s new economic landscape, embraced by sociologists, real-estate developers and ad executives alike.
這是一個分詞片語embraced by xxx, xxx and xxx，用來修飾名詞fact，因為fact己經受到介系詞片語of Europe's new economic landscape的限定，所以分詞片語屬非限定修飾語，前面加上逗號。用過去分詞e...