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NG
Lv 7
NG asked in 社會與文化語言 · 8 years ago

形容詞與名詞 子句

He has no house inwhich he can live.=He has no house inwhich to live.=He has no house tolive in.He has no house whichto live in.(x)以上源自於賴世雄文法 – A65我實在看不懂為什麼最後一句是錯的,我還蠻想知道為什麼!但是手頭沒有書本敘述過。但是以下句子卻正確,以下句子來自於Azar grammar 藍本I don’t know what Ishould do.=I don’t know whatto do.

2 Answers

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  • 羅莉
    Lv 7
    8 years ago
    Favorite Answer

    沒有兩個介系詞, 句中的to是構成不定詞的to, 不是介系詞.

    He has no house in which he can live.

    =He has no house in which to live.

    =He has no house to live in.

    He has no house which to live in.(x)

    which是關代, 傳統文法是只能接關係子句, 沒有接不定詞的用法.

    但是語言是演進的, 現代英語由於資訊爆炸, 新聞英語主導了文法的改變.

    in which to Vr 這種結構源自新聞英語, 新聞報導為了精簡文句, 大量使用了這樣的結構來代替冗長的關係子句.

    關係子句中的動詞為不及物動詞而關代又是受詞角色時, 就會有介系詞跟在該動詞之後或句尾:

    先行詞 + 關代 + S + Vi + 介系詞

    = 先行詞 + 介系詞 + 關代 + S + Vi (傳統文法)

    = 先行詞 + 介系詞 + 關代 + to Vr (新聞英語)

    例:

    the money which he can live on

    = the money on which he can live

    = the money on which to live

    the woman who I can live with

    = the woman with whom I can live

    = the woman with whom to live

    這種「關代+不定詞」的結構有一個基本規定, 就是如有介系詞就必須放在關代前面, 否則只能用子句, 不能用不定詞. 這就是版主最後一個例句是錯誤的原因.

    至於傳統文法中早就有疑問詞片語, 例如:

    what to do = what I should do

    what to talk about = what I can talk about

    what to wait for = what I will wait for

    whom to trust = who I can trust

    which (one) to choose = which (one) I should choose

    where to go = where I should go

    when to announce it = when we should announce it

    why to give up = why I should give up

    how to fly = how one can fly

    等等

    也就是說, 這些疑問詞片語都可變身為關代或關副子句, 這也是新聞英語作那種結構的依據.

    Source(s): 羅莉 - 英文文法
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  • 8 years ago

    因為上面那句 錯就錯在 有兩個介係詞

    大部分我們使用的時候 後面有 in 或 on 的時候

    會直接跟前面的關係代名詞 合併 變成 where 喔~

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