what is graft in regards to political corruption?
- HarveyBLv 78 years agoFavorite Answer
Graft is a form of political corruption in which an official gains something due to a position of power, trust, or insider knowledge. Many governments have systems in place to prevent graft, and a discovery of graft can mark the end of a politician's career. These measures are designed to ensure that public officials perform their duties fairly and responsibly, and that they make decisions for the benefit of the people, rather than for a select few.
The term is uniquely American, and it appears to have emerged in 1859. The origins are a bit unclear, as the other common use of “graft” refers to uniting two pieces of material, as in bone grafts, gum grafts, and botanical grafting. In the United Kingdom, “graft” means “work,” which can lead to some understandable confusion between speakers of British and American English. “Graft” is one of many colorful political terms which emerged in the United States; gerrymandering and filibustering are two other well-known examples. Countless others have unfortunately been lost to history.
A number of actions could be considered graft, ranging from accepting an expensive gift while in office to purchasing land which is going to be needed for a highway bypass. Unlike bribery, graft does not require the participation of a second individual, although graft can certainly involve a group of people or politicians. In addition to gaining measurable profit, a politician may also acquire less tangible advantages through graft, such as an important political position or a seat on a committee.
When a politician manipulates a public budget so that he or she will profit, this is known as graft. Likewise, a politician who lands a contract which will profit his or her company is also engaging in graft; in both cases, the politician is gaining a financial advantage through questionable activity. Politicians are expected to recuse themselves in situations where they might make decisions which affect their net wealth, but many do not, and they pocket the profits.
A politician can also use exclusive knowledge to profit from something. For example, a member of a planning commission might be aware that a section of land is about to be purchased by the government for the purpose of building something. He or she could secretly buy the land and then demand a higher price for it, profiting from insider knowledge. While real estate speculation is not illegal, dishonest advantages definitely are considered unethical.Source(s): http://www.wisegeek.com/what-is-graft.htm
- Anonymous8 years ago
Koch Brothers,..Big Oil....Pays for research that argues against global warming..or writes legislature with the organization "ALEC"..Who came up with, First trimester Vaginal Ultra-sounds, (That Doctors say is not necessary)
Paul Ryan, Was promoted by Koch Brothers, Representative, Tea Party Candidate
One News channels (Fox)...Witch Hunt,..."Fast and Furious",.."Benghazi"
Investment Bankers near Bankrupt America with Collateralized Debt obligations,..Re-bundled Junk home mortgages..No one went to jail..
Congressman,... Boehyner, who promote a Keystone pipeline,..own shares in Corporations, that would directly benefit..
A Presidential candidate(Flip Romney),...Claimed Earnings as Capital Gains, from Stock Options as all his income,..For over 3 years,..and never paid over 15% taxes in any one year...One year as low 9% on an income of 150 million.
"Solyndra",...Was a victim of free,..Unfair trade,..and Chinese Dumping,..That the opposition used for political advantage.
- ohbrotherLv 78 years ago
Solyndra is a prime example along with a slew of other "green" companies that got stimulus monies, gave Obama millions in campaign contributions and their CEO millions in bonus only then to file bankruptcy. This obviously was the plan all along. Another is Congress fighting to keep their insider trading scam. They get information that a company is going to receive a big government contract and they buy that companies stock with that information that no one else has.
- DynaFlowHumLv 78 years ago
It is pay for play or what Obama is best at. Illegal kick backs for campaign contributions.